ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN ARGENTINA

      

General Information

National name             : República Argentina

Land area                    : 1,056,636 sq mi (2,736,690 sq km); total area: 1,068,296 sq mi (2,766,890 sq km)

Population (2008 est.) : 40,677,348

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Buenos Aires, 13,349,000 (metro. area), 2,768,772 (city proper)

Other large cities       : Córdoba, 1,486,200; Rosario, 1,276,900; Mendoza, 988,600; Mar del Plata, 683,700

Monetary unit            : Peso

Languages                 : Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

Ethnicity/race            : white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%

Religions                   : nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

National Holiday      : Revolution Day, May 25

Literacy rate            : 97.2% (2001 est.)

Economic summary : GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $523.7 billion; per capita $13,000. Real growth rate: 8.5%. Inflation: 8.5% official rate; actual rate may be double the official rate.

  Second in South America only to Brazil in size and population, Argentina is a plain, rising from the Atlantic to the Chilean border and the towering Andes peaks. Aconcagua (22,834 ft, 6,960 m) is the highest peak in the world outside Asia. Argentina is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, and by Uruguay and Brazil on the east.

   First explored in 1516 by Juan Díaz de Solis, Argentina developed slowly under Spanish colonial rule. Buenos Aires was settled in 1580; the cattle industry was thriving as early as 1600. Invading British forces were expelled in 1806–1807, and after Napoléon conquered Spain (1808), the Argentinians set up their own government in 1810. On July 9, 1816, independence was formally declared.

Islamic History and Muslims

Islam in Argentina is represented by one of Latin America's largest Muslim minorities. Although accurate statistics on religion are not available (because the national census does not solicit religious data) the actual size of Argentina's Muslim community is estimated between 2-2.5% of the total population (800,000-900,000).                                                                                                                                  

Early Muslim immigration
   Though early Spanish and Portuguese explorers and immigrants to the New World were very familiar with Muslims and Islamic culture (due to 800 years of Moorish rule), it is doubtful that any Muslims were among the first wave of the largely Spanish and Italian settlers who formed the majority of the immigrant population in colonial Argentina.
  The 20th century saw an influx of Arab migrants to the country, mostly from Syria and Lebanon. It is estimated that today there are upwards of 3,500,000 Argentinians of Arab descent.[2] The majority of these Arab immigrants were Christians and Sephardic Jews, and though accurate information is unavailable, probably less than a quarter of Arab migrants were actually Muslim. The descendants of Arab Jews are more likely to identify themselves as Jewish rather than Arab today. In any case, conversion to Catholicism, Argentina's state religion, was common amongst these early Muslim pioneers.
  Among other notable Arab immigrants is the Menem family, who were of Syrian origin and Muslim themselves. Former President Carlos Menem was allowed to run for the presidency only because he was a Catholic, since Catholic affiliation was a constitutional requirement for the head of state at the time[3] (this was abolished in the 1994 constitutional reform).
                                                                           

Recent Immigration and Conversion                                                                                                                                                     More recent Muslim immigration is comprised mostly of immigrants from South Asia. Reports of conversion to Islam amongst Argentines has grown in recent years, although no accurate data exists with regard to their numbers.                                                                            

  Islamic Institutions In Argentina
    There is a prominent mosque on Alberti St. in Buenos Aires, in the city center, that was built in 1989 by local Argentinian Muslims. There are also several mosques in other cities and regions throughout the country, most notably the Triple Frontier (the tri-border area along the junction of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay).
    The King Fahd Islamic Cultural Center, the largest mosque in South America, was completed in 1996 with the help of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, on a piece of land measuring 20,000 m². The total land area granted by the Argentine government measures 34,000 m², and was offered by President Carlos Menem following his visit to Saudi Arabia in 1992. The project cost around US$30 million, and includes a mosque, library, two schools, a park, is located in the middle-class district of Palermo, Buenos Aires.
    The Islamic Organization of Latin America(IOLA), headquartered in Argentina, is considered the most active organization in Latin America in promoting Islamic affiliated endeavors. The IOLA holds events to promote the unification of Muslims living in Latin America, as well as the propagation of Islam.

New Muslim Stories

    Mo’ámmer Mouhiddín Darman = Marcos
 

   This it is the history of how did I know the Islam, and of what things I saw in it that caused they felt me that had found the best of the roads. The first time that read on the Prophet, its history passed completely inadvertent to my thoughts among those of other historic personages. But with the years I could recall clearly to have felt a strange longing for somewhat indefinite. My parents were atheists, cultured and educated people that had lived with worry and sensibility the political events of their epoch, and the already common and permanent interventions of United States in Latin America. They taught me a critical image of the catholic Christianity, to the which they saw, not without reason, like a religion of white rich that collaborated with innumerable dictatorial states, but also they had a skeptical position on all the religions in general.

   My parents responded to all my questions without lying me, and already to short age they began to speak me as to an adult on questions ethics, political or philosophical that the remainder of the parents of family would have omitted like talking point with their children, and of that way they faced me crudely to the problems of the surrounding reality. With the years, I came I understand that was that harshness the one that permitted me to understand to the world and to the people, and not to be an ignorant one drowned in the sterile entertainments, like there is so many. And I understood that not to face the children to the reality is a crime that engenders the worst wrongs for the company.

   In tuning with their way to think, they instilled me the love by the reading of political, historic, and scientific themes. At home there was not no book of religion neither comic strips of superheroes. My first readings were on paleontology and history, through a collection of magazines for boys that exposed the universal history in the shape of comic strips, call "there was once the Man….", since the apparition of the dinosaurs to it was modern. The part 6 was called "The Conquests of the Islam", and I read there, to the age of 7 or 8 years, a brief outline on the life of the Prophet that remained in my memory for always, along with a comment of Lamartine on the greatness of Muhámmed.

   But on, all my interests concentrated fundamentally in reading on disciplines of the science done not contemplate by the religion, like astronomy and relativity, quantum mechanics, paleontology, evolucionismo, etc.

  Was not but until I was about 16 years old that I had again contact with the culture of next East, through a beautiful work that I continue reading regularly: "The Prophet", of Jalil Yibrán. Through this book, I related me for the first time with a vision of the not oppressive religious life, that I associated immediately with the Arabian culture, and that was very in tuning with the ideas humanists on the human Being and the company that my family taught me. But by above all, he was done me evident something that had always felt without being able to verbalize it: the deep refusal and repulsion that caused me the predominant European spirituality in my country.

  Not a lot of time spent until I began to stir along with some friends in every culture and old and distant religion: the buddhism, the Hinduism, the esotericism, the culture and beliefs of the American aborigines, the rastafarismo, etc. All these disciplines left me strong teachings and convictions that were me moving away progressively of the atheism of my education, but none constituted for me an integral religion, understood as a form of life. Only the Islam and the Judaism strangers for me remained.

   A lot of time spent until I could read for the first time a translation of the Sacred Koran. It lived alone in the city of Cordoba, Argentina, and I did me associate of that of the Popular Library to remove material of study for the school. I asked for a list of books that since time ago he wanted to read and he did not obtain, and among them was the Koran. It was a translation of a western Christian author, Hernandez Catá, previously translated of the Arab to the French in the middle of the 1700 and retraducida to Spanish at the beginning of the 20th century. It contained quantity of imprecisions, and some negative comments of the translator. I remember to have read in one of those comments: "Mohammed fought the idolatry, but he sowed new errors therefore he fought the Trinity

   When there was read a third of the Koran, and in spite of the negative comments of the translator, after a life of active antireligious education, without to have known never an Arab neither to a Moslem, not even to a Jew that could have spoken on the unit of God and the not-divinity of Jesus, I already was firmly convinced that I was Moslem, of that he had found The way of life that I wanted to continue.

  A week later was asking questions in the city Hall of the City of Cordoba to locate a mosque. When I arrived there for the first time, a gentleman attended me very shy and distrustful peguntándome what wanted. I told him with every audacity and conviction: "Hello… I am Moslem, and I want to learn more on the religion". The elder did not seem very convinced. He treated me with arrogance, he asked me how had known the Islam and thought that what I there was read was no use at all. Then it sent me to the Arabian Company Moslem of Cordoba. There I began to concur to the yumu' to, the common prayer of the Friday.  

   When I converted me to the Islam, for a long time I caused I convinced it that the Koran was something as well as a testament of the Prophet, by an error of translation of my book, I believe that in Surat go-nisá, where said: "The Koran is the word of the Faithful Messenger", versicle that alludes to the angel Yibril, but that the author believed that alluded the same Prophet, to whom also he is mentioned like the Messenger. By oversight or apathy of the old Arabs that received me there, did neither I pronounce my testimony of faith set against two witnesses, as to a year after considering me Moslem and to have begun to practice regularly the salah

   It subtracts me to do then a summary of reason I elected it, and what things they impressed me of the Islam. My election of the Islam as the most beloved discipline itself due to the exquisite proportion with which contains all that that know about the world and that I consider important. The Islam is for me as a spacious house in the paradise, in whose corners all the good thing lives together that have seen of this world, and a reasonable promise and cord to know what do there is beyond my death. And, I am nothing original in this, I felt upon knowing the Islam that I had been always Moslem without knowing it, and were few the things that I should change to adapt my customs to him.

   In the Islam I saw summarized the great majority of the moral orders on the organization of the company, debates that in my house were common and that occupied always a pre-eminent place in my mind. In the Sacred Koran and in the stories of the Prophet, I found the better lessons on ecology, psychology, and human rights. George Bernard Shaw, writer and Irish thinker, said: "The Moslem right is 200 ó 300 advanced years to West".

   And I found also with I please and surprise that the Moslem towns conserved with responsibility and severity those original teachings to understand or not its meaning, in such a way that so much through western historians as the orientals is possible to be done a real idea of the teachings of a prophet that gave to the world something more than miracles, and of the history of its community in the world. It impressed me of the Islam not only its rigorous and absolute respect by the monotheism, but also its prison sentence to the idolatry, the superstition and the obscurantism. During years, had believed that the religions were a backward form of culture and traditions, in which was taken for all types of truths myths and falsehoods and was worshipped with sinister affection dummies painted by hand, at times mutilated and torture victims. Seeing these things caused cultivated me an attitude extremely "antireligious", that years later jelled paradoxically in a form of living and to think known as religion.

   Do not yet I leave my amazement upon being a witness of a religious community that does not have clergy, that fasts during all a month each year to know the hunger of the poor, that considers that every authority should be offered in consideration to the merit, that does not see the man a sinful and evil creature, and that offers glory and licitud to the basic rights of the human Being, as A family and to have an own criterion. That is to say, the right to have an own faith and a personal relation with God, without intermediaries. A religion that requires all these good things as only road to be consecrated to God, amazes me for its uprightness and wisdom, and even that moment did not believe that to exist something thus.

   Through the Islam I found purity, not a purity based on the monastic isolation neither in the Puritanism, but in seeking the healthiest form of satisfying our needs and to relate to ours similar. But by above all, it fascinates me to verify in the texts of history of the own scholars of West that the Islam carried to the consummation of many plural and idealistic companies, and to its leaders to exercise the authority with a moral height that believed impossible in the human Being. The religions of West could never produce a company thus, save when the European towns lived in tribes and villages, origins that all the westerners we recall now with inexpressible nostalgia, through the epic movies. The religions of the empires of West only have brought pain and irrational abuses to the world, and no wonder that in our companies dominate now an absolute skepticism on the mutual solidarity and the survival of the humanity, and a childish and empty liberalism.

   I believe really that the Islam will save the humanity, as saved and took refuge along the history not only to the Moslems, but to all the towns pursued and tormented by West, as to the Christians of the primitive churches and to the Jews. I believe in a religion that respects the limits of the individual rights, and the public and collective rights, condemning the exploitation of the man by the man and the oppression and the authoritarianism. I believe in the religion of a simple man that taught that all the people we are equals like the teeth of a comb, and ordered to pay the laborer its salary before the sweat caused by its work have itself evaporated of its front. The governments of West say to abhor the Islam by being a violent and obsolete religion. And many Moslem traditional towns, they say to abhor the ideas and the sciences of West by being opponents to the religion, and never they would put their children in contact with the socialist ideas of Latin America, with the evolutionary paleontology neither with the Theory of the Relativity of Einstein. And thus it seems divided the world, between hemispheres and apparently irreconcilable ways of life.

  But I cannot understand that. I cannot take in serious the opinion of the common people besides what my conscience dictates me, besides the opinion of the wise of the history, even be wise westerners, and even less on that of the Koran and the Prophet. For me, to read and to continue the large thinkers and scientists of West carried me to consider seriously the mystery of the creation and the conscience, and I do not find which is the incompatibility with the Sacred Koran and the teachings of the Prophet. They will neither be able to explain never these and those how my atheistic education carried me to love the Islam, neither how the bloody invasions and the economic oppression are the result of a West illustrated, modern and autosuperado. This is because the truth is not in East neither in West, but in the history of the humanity and in the mystery that originated it. And who go me truly the human Being, never he cannot despise the mystery that surrounds us and that origin he gave him. That the peace and the blessings of God be with all you.

 

A mosque in Buenos Aires

  Islamic Centers and Organizations

 

Organization Name

Address

Phone-Fax-Email-Web

General Information

Organizacion Islamica Para America Latina
 

Organizacion Islamica Para America Latina
Av. Belgrano 258 7؛ Piso,Buenos Aires, 1092, ARGENTINA

54-11-4331-7243/7447
(54-11) 4331-7442
info@islAmerica.org.ar
http://www.islAmerica.org.ar/

 

Wamy (World Assembly Of Muslim Youth
 

Wamy (World Assembly Of Muslim Youth
General Deheza 680 - P.O. Box 1091, Cordoba, C.P. 5000, ARGENTINA

0054-51 - 52 7099

 

Organizacion

Islamica Argentina
 

Organizacion Islamica Argentina
Crisostomo Alvarez 840, Tucuman, Argentina 4000, Argentina

00543814301253
shahid@arnet.com.ar

 

Centro Cultural Islamico
 

Centro Cultural Islamico
Av. Int. Bulrich 55,Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires 1425, ARGENTINA

 5411-4899-1144
info@ccislamicoreyfahd.org.ar
www.ccislamicoreyfahd.org.ar

Islam classes, Arabic lessons

Mezquita Al-Ahmad
 

Mezquita Al-Ahmad
Alberti 1541 - San Cristóbal Buenos Aires, Argentina

54+011+4943-0477
info@ansar.com.ar

 

 Asociación Unión Islámica
 

 Asociación Unión Islámica
Mendoza 1764, Rosario International, S2000BIJ, ARGENTINA

54-0341+425-0281
rosario@ansar.com.ar

 

Argentina Arabian

Islamic Institute
 

Argentina Arabian Islamic Institute
BOGOTA 3449 (CP 1407), Buenos Aires, , ARGENTINA

0054-1-611-2087

 

Arabian Muslim Society
 

Arabian Muslim Society
OBISPO SALGUERO 265, Cordoba, 5000, ARGENTINA

0054-51) 21 4277
(0351) 421-4277

 

Mezquita de la Provincia

de Cordoba
 

Mezquita de la Provincia de Cordoba
Obispo Salguero 265 - Centro Córdoba - Argentina

54 (351) 4214277
www.socmusulmana.com.ar

 

 

Mezquita Islámica De Córdoba
Campillo 435 (5000) Ciudad de Córdoba - Argentina

 

 

Arabian Association
 

Arabian Association
Cornel Gýl No. 674, Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina

 

 

Arabian Islamic society
 

Arabian Islamic society
R.E. DE SAN MARTIN 1933,
Mendoza, 5500, ARGENTINA

4256711

 

Society of Muslims

of Argentina
 

Society of Muslims of Argentina
C. de Correos 204-Suc 13, Buenos Aires, 1413, ARGENTINA

 

 

The Message of Islam
 

The Message of Islam
Casilla de Correo 2329 - Correo Central, Buenos Aires, 1000, ARGENTINA

 

 

The Muezzin
 

The Muezzin
Sucursal 7 B. Casilla de Correos 29,
Buenos Aires, 1407, ARGENTINA

 

 

Center of Islamic Studies
 

Center of Islamic Studies
Colpayo 83, Buenos Aires, 1405, ARGENTINA


5411-4901-7796
5411 4901-4624

 

El centro islamico
 

El centro islamico
belegrano 589,Jujuy, , ARGENTINA

0388-4238629
03884238629
cijujuy@hotmail.com

 

Centro Islámýco De

La Rep.Argentina
 

Centro Islámýco De La Rep.Argentina
Av. San Juan 3049/53 - Cp.1233 Buenos Aires, Argentina

5411 4 957-4985
(54-81) 300904

 

Mezquita Al Imán
 

Mezquita Al Imán
Rivadavia 1100, Buenos Aires, 1814, ARGENTINA

 

 

Mezquita Attauhid
 

Mezquita Attauhid
San Nicolás 674,Capital Federal, ARGENTINA

 

 

Oficina De Cultura Y

Difusion Islamica
 

Oficina De Cultura Y Difusion Islamica
Av. Belgrano 258 7º, Buenos Aires, Piso 1092, ARGENTINA

54-11-4331-7243/74

 

Sociedad Árabe Islámica

De Mendoza
 

Sociedad Árabe Islámica De Mendoza
Convención 631, Buenos Aires, Haedo, Pcia. de 631, ARGENTINA

54-61-256711
659 0019
 

 

Asociación Cultural y de

Culto Pan Islámica
 

Asociación Cultural y de Culto Pan Islámica
Santiago 761, Tucuman, Tucumán 4000, ARGENTINA

54381-4219560 

(0381) 424-2621

 

Asociacion Yarraffl
 

Asociacion Yarraffl
24 DE Noviembre 1041, Buenos Aires, 1 224, ARGENTINA

054-1-901-4624
(0054-1) 901-7796

 

Centro Islamico De La Rioja
 

Centro Islamico De La Rioja
25 de mayo 76 - 2do. piso, La Rioja, 5300, ARGENTINA

03822-15515686
centroislamicodelarioja@hotmail.com

 

Entidad Islamica De Hidalgo
 

Entidad Islamica De Hidalgo
Hidalgo 805, Buenos Aires, 1405, ARGENTINA

54-1-750-41 11

 

Islamic Assocaition Union
 

Islamic Assocaition Union
Mendoza 1764, Rosarýo Pcýa. Santa Fe,Santa Fe, 2000, ARGENTINA

 

 

Islamic Association
 

Islamic Association
San Nicolás 674, Buenos Aires, 1407, ARGENTINA

 

 

Islamic Cultural Association
 

Islamic Cultural Association
Apartado 10.038, Buenos Aires, 08031, ARGENTINA

 

 

Islamic Cultural Association
 

Islamic Cultural Association
4000 SAN MICUEL DE TUCUMA,Santiago, 761, ARGENTINA

 

 

Islamic supreme Council
 

Islamic supreme Council
CANGALLO 1493, 3 - PISO - OF. 9,Buenos Aires, 1037, ARGENTINA

 

 

Sociedad Unión Islámica

 De Rosario
 

Sociedad Unión Islámica De Rosario
Mendoza 1764 (2000) Rosario - Argentina

54341 4 409568

 

Latin America

Islamic Movement
 

Latin America Islamic Movement
ALBERTI 1622,Buenos Aires, 1247, ARGENTINA

 

 

Muslim World League
 

Muslim World League
Av. BELGRANO 258, PISO 7,Buenos Aires, 1092, ARGENTINA

0054-1-214717/447418
0054-1-3317442

 

Muslims Office Of Culture and Islamic Diffusion
 

Muslims Office Of Culture and Islamic Diffusion
Av. Belgrano 258, Piso 7,Buenos Aires, , ARGENTINA

4331-7447
4331-7442

 

Colegio Rey Fahd
 

Colegio Rey Fahd
Cerviño 4851,Buenos Aires, Capital Federal 1425, ARGENTINA

www.colegioreyfahd.org.ar

 

Instituto Argentino Arabe
 

Instituto Argentino Arabe
rivadavia 134,Tucuman, 4000, ARGENTINA

381-4225532
381-4225532

 

 Islamic Institute of Argentine
 

 Islamic Institute of Argentine
Bogota,,Capital Federal, 3449, ARGENTINA

 

 

Omar Bin Al Jattab -

Arabian school
 

Omar Bin Al Jattab - Arabian school
Colegio Primario,,Humberto Primero, 3046, ARGENTINA

4932-5188
4931-3577

 

Centro De Estudios Islámicos
 

Centro De Estudios Islámicos
Rojas 6, piso 2 Of 9 (1405) Buenos Aires, Argentina

(0054-1) 901-4624
(0054-1) 901-7796

 

Asociación Yarrahi
 

Asociación Yarrahi
24 De Noviembre 1041 Cp.(1224) Buenos Aires, Argentina

5411 4931-2412 / 4661-0740
4654-7632

 

Instituto Árabe Argentino   

 De Tucumán
 

Instituto Árabe Argentino De Tucumán
24 de Septiembre 220 4000 Tucumán - Argentina

54 81 300904

 

العربيّة / الإنجليزييّ المترجم (Translator Arabic / English)
 

العربيّة / الإنجليزييّ المترجم (Translator Arabic / English)
Pavón 2554, Buenos Aires, Capital Federal , ARGENTINA

54+011+4943-0477
bsas@ansar.com.ar 
info@ansar.com.ar

Translation

Frontier Srl
 

Frontier Srl
ave quaranta 7129, Garupa, Misiones 3304, ARGENTINA

ais_lmq@hotmail.com http://mx.groups.yahoo.com/group /ropa_islamicala/

All,commerce,services related to tin

Ropa Islámica de

América Latina
 

Ropa Islámica de América Latina
Buenos Aires, Argentina

ais_lmq@hotmail.com
http://mx.groups.yahoo.com/

group/ropa_islamicala/

 Se hace ropa conforme la Sunnah para las hermanas de América Latina.

امـيــة للـمــنـتـجـات الـغــذائــيــة الأســلامــيــة
 

امـيــة للـمــنـتـجـات الـغــذائــيــة الأســلامــيــة
Alberti 1592, Buenos Aires, capital 1247, ARGENTINA

0054-11-49432166
00541149436835
info@namiah.com

Islamic food

 

Islamic company of Noble

Islamic company of Noble
Hidalgo 805, Buenos Aires, 1405, ARGENTINA

5411-4750
5411- 4111

 

 

 

 

 

References
Islam in Agrentina (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Argentina,  Mayýs, 2008)
Info please (http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107288.html,  Mayýs, 2008)
Islam Finder (http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=argentina,  Mayýs, 2008)
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Argentina, June 2008.