ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN CHILE

    

     

General Information

National name           : República de Chile

Land area                   : 289,112 sq mi (748,800 sq km); total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km)

Population (2007 est.) : 16,284,741 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 15.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.4/1000; life expectancy: 77.0; density per sq mi: 56

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Santiago, 5,333,100 (metro. area), 4,372,800 (city proper)

Other large cities       : Viña del Mar, 303,100; Valparaíso, 274,100; Talcahuano, 252,800; Temuco, 247,200; Concepción, 217,600

Monetary unit            : Chilean Peso

Language                  : Spanish

Ethnicity/race           : white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%

Religions                  : Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, small Jewish population

Literacy rate            : 96% (2003 est.)

Economic summary : GDP/PPP (2006 est.): $202.7 billion; per capita $12,700. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 2.6%.

Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile's arable land. At the southern tip of Chile's mainland is Punta Arenas, the southernmost city in the world, and beyond that lies the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island divided between Chile and Argentina.

Chile was originally under the control of the Incas in the north and the nomadic Araucanos in the south. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, founded Santiago. Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818 under Bernardo O'Higgins and an Argentinian, José de San Martin. O'Higgins, dictator until 1823, laid the foundations of the modern state with a two-party system and a centralized government.

Islamic History and Muslims

  The statistics for Islam in Chile estimate a total Muslim population of 5000, representing 0.03 percent of the population. There are a number of Islamic organizations in Chile, including Sociedad Musulmana de Chile y Mezquita As-Salam ("Muslim Society of Chile and Masjid As-Salam") in Santiago de Chile, Mezquita Bilal ("Bilal Mosque") in Iquique and the Centro Cultural Mohammed VI ("Mohammed VI Cultural Center") in Coquimbo.
  According to Chronicles of the History of Chile by Aurelio Díaz Meza, there was a man in the expedition of discoverer Diego de Almagro, called Pedro de Gasco who was a morisco, or Moor from al-Andalus in Spain who was forced to convert from Islam to Catholicism. The coming of moriscos was covered by history but, recently scholars of Chilean history have started acknowledging the country's Moorish heritage and its effects on the development of Chilean culture and identity.
  The first major wave of Muslims to Chile began in 1856, with the arrival of Arab immigrants from the Ottoman Empire territories consisting of today's Syria, Lebanon and Palestine, who founded the Sociedad Unión Musulmana. In 1988 the construction of the mosque of Santiago de Chile was initiated by Sheikh Taufiq Rumie', who had led the Muslim community for more than sixty years. The mosque was finished in 1989 and was inaugurated by the prince of Malaysia in 1996.
  By end of the 1980s many indigenous Chileans converted to Islam (up to six is estimated) , which increased after the completion of the mosque. Usama Abu Gazaleh was elected Imam of the mosque following the passing of Taufiq Rumie'in 1998. In 1997 Pakistani retailers purchased land for the construction of the Bilal Mosque and madrasa in Iquique, which was completed in 1999.

Club Deportivo Palestino

www.palestino.cl

Club Deportivo Palestino, is a Chilean football club based in the city of Santiago. The club play in the first division of the Chilean football league. Their home games are played at the Estadio Municipal de La Cisterna stadium, which has a capacity of approximately 12,000 seats.

The club were founded on August 20, 1920, when they participated in a colonial competition in Osorno. The club was founded by Palestinian immigrants, the name of the club reflect the clubs roots in the Palestinian community. In 1952 the Federación de Fútbol de Chile set up the first professional leagues Palestino were accepted into the Second Division, which they won to ascertain promotion to the Primera Division.

In 1955 the club won their first national championship under the control of Argentine captain Guillermo Coll, in that era the club became known by the nickname millonario (Millionaire) because of their ability to attract top class footballers.

In 1978 the club won their 2nd league title, this time led by Chilean captain Elías Figueroa, In this campeign they set a Chilean record for the number of games unbeaten and won the Copa Chile to claim the league and cup double.

In 2004 the club became a registered company, but the change of status did not bring the expected improvement in results. In 2006 they finished in 18th place out of 20 teams, forcing them to face a playoff against Fernandez Vial to keep their place in the top flight.( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palestino )


 Islamic Centers and Organizations 

Organization Name Address Phone-Fax-Email-Web General Information
Centro Islamico de Chile - Mezquita As-Salam Centro Islamico de Chile - Mezquita As-Salam
Campoamor 2975, Ñuñoa,
Santiago, Chile , CHILE
562-3431376
562-3431378
mezquita@islamenchile.cl
http://www.islamenchile.cl
 
Centro Islamico Y Mezquita Bilal Centro Islamico Y Mezquita Bilal
Av. Pedro Prado esq. El Aguila,
Iquique, Iquique 3291, CHILE
0056 57 442610
0056 57 442610
 
Comunidad Islamica Nur-Ul-Islam de Concepcion-chile Comunidad Islamica Nur-Ul-Islam de Concepcion-chile
casilla 264,
Concepcion Bay, Chile 4039100, CHILE
56-89040349
nur_ul_islam@lycos.com
www.nur-ul-islam.cl.nu 
Islamic center and musalah. Work of Dawa.
Comunidad Islámica de Santiago Comunidad Islámica de Santiago
Estado 57, Oficina 802,
Santiago, , CHILE
56-2-6339922
56-2-6712379
islam_chile@yahoo.com
Sabado, Reunion de communidad,
Centro Islámico de Viña Del Mar Centro Islámico de Viña Del Mar
6 ORIENTE 157 ENTRE 2 Y 3 NORTE,
Vina Del Mar, 5ª región , CHILE

09-91963385
kido_shiatsu22@hotmail.com
Viernes, Jutba, Oración del Jumaa',Hutba and Jumaa' prayer.
Islamic Information Centre Islamic Information Centre
Isla Teja, Valdivia,
Valdivia, Valdivia , CHILE
56-94707887
ahmedbau@gmail.com
Actually we some Muslims gather and say our prayer (Salatul Jummah ) at Friday . We enjoy our Islamic festivals together.
Comunidad Islámica de Achao Comunidad Islámica de Achao
Pasaje Padre Germán Ampuero S/N,Achao, Chiloé Correo Achao, CHILE

0056-982363410
ahmadbm@islamway.net
www.ahmadbm.tk
It's a little community of the South of Chile, with 2 Muslims until now, Inshallah, this number increases faster. The city, is very little. Please visit our Page. GREETINGS, AHMAD BM
IQRA Arabian British School IQRA Arabian British School
Playa Patillos 3309,
Iquique, , CHILE
5657-763476
56-57-763476
iqraabs@gmail.com
Private Islamic Education in English. You can find more information at; www.iqraarabianbritishschooliquique.blogspot.com
       

   Muslim Owned Business

Organization Name Address Phone-Fax-Email-Web General Information
       

    References
Islam in Chile ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Chile, June, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107407.html, June, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=chile, June, 2008).
World Religions Statistics ( http://www.adherents.com/adhloc/Wh_66.html  , June 2008.
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Chile, June 2008.