ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN BHUTAN

      

General Information

Kingdom of Bhutan

Total area: 18,147 sq mi (47,000 sq km)

Population (2008 est.): 2,376,680 (growth rate: 2.0%); birth rate: 32.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 94.3/1000; life expectancy: 55.5; density per sq mi: 50

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Thimphu (official), 60,200

Monetary unit: Ngultrum

Languages: Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)

Ethnicity/race: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35%, indigenous or migrant tribes 15%

National Holiday: National Day, December 17

Religions: Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%

Literacy rate: 47% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $3.359 billion; per capita $5,200. Real growth rate: 22.4%. Inflation: 4.9%

Mountainous Bhutan, half the size of Indiana, is situated on the southeast slope of the Himalayas, bordered on the north and east by Tibet and on the south and west and east by India. The landscape consists of a succession of lofty and rugged mountains and deep valleys. In the north, towering peaks reach a height of 24,000 ft (7,315 m).

Although archeological exploration of Bhutan has been limited, evidence of civilization in the region dates back to at least 2000 B.C. Aboriginal Bhutanese, known as Monpa, are believed to have migrated from Tibet. The traditional name of the country since the 17th century has been Drukyul, Land of the Drokpa (Dragon People), a reference to the dominant branch of Tibetan Buddhism that is still practiced in the Himalayan kingdom.

For centuries, Bhutan was made up of feuding regions until it was unified under King Ugyen Wangchuck in 1907. The British exerted some control over Bhutan's affairs, but never colonized it. Until the 1960s Bhutan was largely isolated from the rest of the world, and its people carried on a tranquil, traditional way of life, farming and trading, which had remained intact for centuries. After China invaded Tibet, however, Bhutan strengthened its ties and contact with India in an effort to avoid Tibet's fate. New roads and other connections to India began to end its isolation. In the 1960s Bhutan also undertook social modernization, abolishing slavery and the caste system, emancipating women, and enacting land reform. In 1985, Bhutan made its first diplomatic links with non-Asian countries.

Islamic History and Muslims

According to adherents.com Muslims constitute over 5% of the population. However the CIA factbook claims that Muslims are less than 1% in Bhutan.

   Islamic Centers and Organizations

Bnagladesh Embassy, Thimphu, Thimpu , BHUTAN

   Muslim Owned Business

Zain Sulman Property Advisor and Developers, city Bod Bhutan, Bod, , BHUTAN

References
Islam in Bhutan ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Bhutan , September, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107341.html ,  September, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=bhutan  , September, 2008).
World Religions Statistics ( http://www.adherents.com/adhloc/Wh_37.html  , September, 2008).