ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN BRUNEI

      

General Information

Brunei Darussalam

National Name: Negara Brunei Darussalam

Land area: 2,035 sq mi (5,271 sq km); total area: 2,228 sq mi (5,770 sq km)

Population (2008 est.): 381,371

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Bandar Seri Begawan, 78,000

Other large cities: Kuala Belait 27,800, Seria 23,400

Monetary unit: Brunei dollar

Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese

Ethnicity/race: Malay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%

National Holiday: National Day, February 23

Religions: Islam (official religion) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs and other 10%

Literacy rate: 92.7% (2006 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $19.64 billion billion; per capita $51,000. Real growth rate: 0.4%. Inflation: 0.4%.

About the size of Delaware, Brunei is an independent sultanate on the northwest coast of the island of Borneo in the South China Sea, wedged between the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak.

Brunei was trading with China during the 6th century, and, through allegiance to the Javanese Majapahit kingdom (13th to 15th century), it came under Hindu influence. In the early 15th century, with the decline of the Majapahit kingdom and widespread conversion to Islam, Brunei became an independent sultanate. It was a powerful state from the 16th to the 19th century, ruling over the northern part of Borneo and adjacent island chains. But it fell into decay and lost Sarawak in 1841, becoming a British protectorate in 1888 and a British dependency in 1905. Japan occupied Brunei during World War II; it was liberated by Australia in 1945.

The sultan regained control over internal affairs in 1959, but Britain retained responsibility for the state's defense and foreign affairs until 1984, when the sultanate became fully independent.

Islamic History and Muslims

Islam is Brunei's official religion, 67 percent of the population is Muslim, mostly Sunnis of Malay origin who follow the Shafi school of Islamic law. Most of the other Muslims groups are Kedayans (converts from indigenous tribal groups) and Chinese converts. Islam was adopted in the 15th century when a Malay Muslim was installed as sultan. The sultan traditionally was responsible for upholding Islamic traditions, although the responsibility was usually delegated to appointed officials. Since the 1930s sultans have used rising oil revenues to provide an extensive social welfare system and promote Islam, including subsidizing the Hajj, building mosques, and expanding the Department of Religious Affairs. There are 101 mosques and prayer halls, 7 Christian churches, several Chinese temples, and 2 Hindu temples in the country.

The Great Mosque in Brunei

Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Bandar Seri Begawan
Brunei

 

  Islamic Centers and Organizations

Masjid Hassanal Bolkiah, Tutong


Islamic Development Bank of Brunei (IDBB), Bandar Seri Begawan, UT
URL: www.idbb-bank.com   Phone: 274-7811

Masjid Jame Asr Hassanil Bolkiah, Bandar Seri Begawan
URL: http://jameasr.tripod.com   Phone: 673-2332351

Al Markaz (Dawa-e-Tabligh), Kampong Lumapas
Phone: 673--8-810480

Islamic Propagation Centre (Pusat Dakwah Islamiah), Bandar Seri Begawan, malaysia
Phone: 0333333333

Bank Islam Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Phone: +6732-235727

Insitute Tahfiz Al-Quran Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei-Muara


Tabung Amanah Islam Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan
Phone: 673-2232222

Persatuan Nurul Islam (Muslim Converts Association), Bandar Seri Begawan


Mahad Islam Brunei (Brunei Islamic College), Tutong
URL: www.2garre.com   Phone: 04-222088/-222517
 

  Al Markaz (Dawa-e-Tabligh), Kampong Lumapas
  Islamic Propagation Centre (Pusat Dakwah Islamiah), Bandar Seri Begawan
  Masjid Al-Ameerah Al-Hajjah Maryam, Jerudong
  Masjid Al-Mashor, Sungai Mau
  Masjid Hassanal Bolkiah, Tutong
  Masjid Jame Asr Hassanil Bolkiah, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Masjid Kampung Penanjong, Tutong, Tutong District
  Masjid Keriam, Tutong
  Masjid Kg.Bang Dalam, Rambai
  Masjid Muhammad Jamallul Alam, Kuala Belait
  Masjid Pandan Kuala Belait, Kuala Belait
  Masjid Pekan Seria, Kuala Belait
  Masjid Sufri Bolkiah, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Masjid Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Masjid Sungai Teraban, Kuala Belait
  Masjid Zainab, Mukim Lumut II, Kuala Belait
  Sengkarai Mosque, Tutong
  Surau Haji Ibrahim Kampung Mumong, Kuala Belait
 
Zainab Mosque, Lumut

Persatuan Astronomi Negara Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan
 
Persatuan Nurul Islam (Muslim Converts Association), Bandar Seri Begawan

Al-Falaah School, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Insitute Tahfiz Al-Quran Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Mahad Islam Brunei (Brunei Islamic College), Tutong
  Sekolah Ugama Sg Taring(Islamic School), Kuala Belait
 
Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University, Bandar Seri Begawan

   Muslim Owned Business

A.I.S Company, Bandar Seri Begawan
  Bank Islam Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan
  C.A. Mohamed Restaurant, Kuala Belait
  Islamic Development Bank of Brunei (IDBB), Bandar Seri Begawan
  KASCO., Bandar Seri Begawan
  MRSA Bridal Cafe, 3rd Flr, The Mall Gadong, Bandar Seri Begawan
  RESTAURANT MARZUK RIZWANA, Kuala Belait
  RESTAURANT TANDOOR HUT, Kuala Belait
  Sablis Food Industries (B)Sdn Bhd, Brunei
  SERIKANDI GROUP, Kuala Belait
  Syarikat C.A. Mohamed, Bandar Seri Begawan
 
Tabung Amanah Islam Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan

References

Brunei ( http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2003/23822.htm   , September, 2008).
Islam in Brunei  ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Brunei   , September, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107361.html ,  September, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=brunei_darussalam   , September, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Brunei , September 2008.