ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN  OMAN

      

General Information

Sultanate of Oman

National name: Saltanat Uman

Total area: 82,031 sq mi (212,460 sq km)1

Population (2007 est.): 3,204,897

Capital (2003 est.): Muscat, 797,000 (metro. area), 54,800 (city proper)

Monetary unit: Omani rial

Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Ethnicity/race: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African

Religions: Islam: Ibadhi 75%, Sunni, Shi'a; Hindu

Literacy rate: 81.4% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $61.61 billion; per capita $24,000. Real growth rate: 6.4%. Inflation: 5.5%.

Oman is a 1,000-mile-long (1,700-km) coastal plain at the southeast tip of the Arabian Peninsula lying on the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. The country is the size of Kansas.

Arabs migrated to Oman from the 9th century B.C. onward, and conversion to Islam occurred in the 7th century A.D. Muscat, the capital of the geographical area known as Oman, was occupied by the Portuguese from 1508 to 1648. Then it fell to Ottoman Turks, but in 1741 Ahmad ibn Sa'id forced them out. The descendants of Sultan Ahmad rule Oman today.

Ahmad expanded his empire to East Africa, and for a time the Omani capital was in Zanzibar. After 1861, however, Zanzibar fell from Omani control.

The sultans and imams of Oman clashed continuously throughout the 20th century until 1959, when the last Ibadi imam was evicted from the country. In a palace coup on July 23, 1970, the sultan, Sa'id bin Taimur, who had ruled since 1932, was overthrown by his son, Qabus ibn Sa'id, who promised to establish a modern government and use newfound oil wealth to aid the people of this very isolated state. Oman joined the Arab League and the United Nations in 1971.

Islamic History and Muslims

On the advent of Islam, the faith reached Oman within Muhammad's lifetime. The conversion of Omanis is usually ascribed to Amr ibn al-As, who visited the region. By the middle of the eighth century AD, Omanis were practicing a unique sect of the faith, Ibadhism, which remains a majority sect only in Oman. Ibadhism has been characterized as "moderate conservatism," with tenets that are a mixture of both austerity and peace.

The majority of Omanis are Ibadhi Muslims, followers of Abd Allah ibn Ibad. Approximately 25 percent are Sunni Muslims and live primarily in Sur and the surrounding area and in Dhofar. They form the largest non-Ibadi minority. The Shi'a minority live along Al Batinah and Muscat coasts. This minority includes the Al-Lawatis, the Bahranis of Bahrain descent, and the Ajam, of vague origin but generally considered to originate in Iran.

Ibadism is an outgrowth of the Kharijites movement, a variant form of Islam practiced by descendants of a sect that seceded from the principal Muslim body after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632. Kharijites reject primogeniture succession of the Quraysh, the tribe of Muhammad, and assert that leadership of Islam, the caliphate, should be designated by an imam elected by the community from candidates who possess spiritual and personal qualities. Ibadhi leadership is vested in an imam, who is regarded as the sole legitimate leader and combines religious and political authority. The imam is elected by a council of prominent laymen or shaykhs. Adherence to Ibadism accounts in part for Oman's historical isolation. Ibadis were not inclined to integrate with their neighbours, as the majority of Sunni Muslims regard Ibadism as a heretical form of Islam.

 

Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque Muscat   Mosque - Nizwa, Oman

 

  Behla Mosque, Oman A mosque along the route from Dubai to Muscat in Oman   Said Bin Taimoor Mosque, Oman

 Islamic Centers and Organizations

Bahja-PDO mosque, Haima


Sultan Qaboos Grand Mousque, Muscat, muscat
Phone: 92106423

Imam Jabir bin Zaid Library, Wadi al Kabir, Wadi al Kabir
Phone: 968-9382902

Ali Mohamme Hamad Al-Hajri Trade, , Bidiya
Phone: 968-483493

Al-Shaikh Hamdan bin Khumayes Al-Yousfi Library, Al Farfarah


Agricultural Fertilizers & Serv. Co., Salala, Dhofar
Phone: 00968-95316277

Alsayyid Mohammed Bin Masoud Albusaidi Library, Manah


AL-JAMAE AL-KABEER, Manah, Manah


Hoda Islamic Library (General), Saham, Oman


Uloom Al Quran Bookshop, Ruwi, Establishment
Phone: +968-783567
 

  9 mosques, Falaj Al Qaba'il
  Abi Baker Mosque, Rustaq
  AL Habbi Mosque, Bahla'
  AL Masjed AL Sharqi, Al Ghabirah
  Al masjid al-Jama, Mirbat
  Al Noor Mosque, Al Musana`a
  Al Shanfary mosque, Salala
  AL- SHABEYYAH, Madha
  AL-JAMAE AL-KABEER, Manah
  Al-Khalele mosque, Bahla'
  Albalush Mosque, Saham
  Albanah Grand Mosque, Al Banah
  Aljama mosque, Rustaq
  Alsalam mosque, Bid'ah
  ASraney Mosque, Bisyah
  Bahja-PDO mosque, Haima
  falj mosuqe, Falaj Al Qaba'il
  Hubar Mosque, Salala
  Imam Jabir bin Zaid Library, Wadi al Kabir
  JAMEA ABU BILAL MARDAS BIN HUDEIR, Muscat
  Jamea Amer ebn Al Khtab, Thermod
  Jamea jabal akhdar, Jabal Akhbar
  Lekhwair P.D.O Masjid, Lekhwair
  Masged D.ghaph, Salalah
  Masjed A' Sahaba, Seeb International Airport
  Masjed Al-emam Jabir Bin Zayed-Al Araqi, Ibri
  Masjed Albelad, Manah
  Masjid Al-Jamee, Sahma
  Masjid Az'zulfa, Seeb International Airport
  Masjid Bilal, Fahud
  Masjid Hassas al Jadeed (Hassas new mosque), Hassas
  Masjid Khalid ibn Al Waleed, Fahud
  Masjid Nabi Imran, Salala
  MASJID THAT KHAYL- AL HAMRA, Al Hamra'
  Masjid Touba, Ghubrah
  Mousqe, Falaj Al Qaba'il
  OmanLNG mosque, Sur
  Shafi mosque, Barka souk, Barka'
  Sidab Masjed, Muscat
  Sultan Qaboos Grand Mousque, Muscat
  Sultan qaboos mosque, Ibra
  Sultan Qaboos Mosque, Bahla'
  مركز الشريعة لتحفيظ القرآن الكريم, Al Buraymi
  مسجد المعشنى, Salala
  مسجد الواسط, Izki
  مسجد الإستقامه, Izki
  مسجد الحلة الغربية، حبل الحديد, Izki
  مسجد الحاج صالح, Muscat
  مسجد الدفع, Difa`
  مسجد الرسول الاعظم بمطرح, Muscat

مسجد الرسيس, Izki
  مسجد السلام, Salala
  مسجد السوقيه, Izki
  مسجد الصباره, Mabrah
  مسجد الغربي, Hailain
  مسجد رويه, Salala
  مسجد عمر بن الخطاب, SUWAIQ
  المسجد الجامع, Ja'alan And Sur
  المسجد الشرقي, Falaj Wusta
  الجامع الرئبسي, Ras Al Had
  جامع عمر بن الخطاب, As Suwaiq
  جامع مخيليف, Liwa'
  جامع أبو بكر الصديق, Majiz Saghirah
  جامع المازم, Ibri
  جامع الإمام الصلت بن مالك الخروصي , سعال, Nizwa
  جامع الامام الربيع بن حبيب الفراهيدي, Liwa'
  جامع التقوى, Farq
  جامع السليف, Ibri
  جامع السلطان قابوس, Ibri
  جامع السلطان قابوس, Adam
  جامع السلطان قابوس, Nizwa
  جامع الشراة, Sama'il
  جامع العينين, Ibri
  جامع بامزروع, Salala
  جامع ديل ال عبد السلام, Dil Al ŻAbd as Salam
  جامع سوق الجمعة, Wadi al Kabir

Al-Shaikh Hamdan bin Khumayes Al-Yousfi Library, Al Farfarah
  Alsayyid Mohammed Bin Masoud Albusaidi Library, Manah
  Hoda Islamic Library (General), Saham
  مكتبة وادي بني خالد العامة, Wadi Bani Khalid
  مكتبة الشيخ حمد بن عبيد السليمي, Sama'il
  مكتبة الشراة العامة, Sama'il
  وزارة الأوقاف والشؤون الدينية, Muscat

  Hera Quran School, Nizwa
  مدرسة صلالة الخاصة, Salala
  معهد العلوم الشرعية, Muscat

   Muslim Owned Business

  Agricultural Fertilizers & Serv. Co., Salala
  Ali Mohamme Hamad Al-Hajri Trade,
  ALNadwah Shop book, Bisiyah
  Islamic library, Falaj Al Qaba'il
  Mohamed Al Abri Real Estate, Muscat
  shams Al-eloom Bookshop& Tape Recording, Sohar
  Uloom Al Quran Bookshop, Ruwi
  مكتبة اليقين للتسجيلات الاسلامية, Muscat
  مركز المرأة والتكنولوجيا, Salala

References
Islam in Oman ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Oman    , October, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107856.html ,  October, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=oman , October, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Oman, October 2008.