ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN QATAR

      

General Information

State of Qatar

National name: Dawlat Qatar

Total area: 4,416 sq mi (11,437 sq km)

Population (2007 est.): 907,229

Capital (2003 est.): Doha, 550,700 (metro. area), 318,500 (city proper)

Monetary unit: Qatari riyal

Languages: Arabic (official); English a common second language

Ethnicity/race: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%

Religion: Religion Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)

Literacy rate: 89% (2004 census)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $57.69 billion; per capita $80,900. Real growth rate: 14.2%. Inflation: 13.8%.

Qatar (pronounced KAH-ter) occupies a small peninsula that extends into the Persian Gulf from the east side of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is to the west and the United Arab Emirates to the south. The country is mainly barren.

Qatar was once controlled by the sheikhs of Bahrain, but in 1867, war broke out between the people and their absentee rulers. To keep the peace in the Persian Gulf, the British installed Muhammad ibn Thani al-Thani, head of a leading Qatari family, as the region's ruler. In 1893, the Ottoman Turks made incursions into Qatar, but the emir successfully deflected them. In 1916, the emir agreed to allow Qatar to become a British protectorate.

Islamic History and Muslims

Qatar is a Muslim-majority country with Islam as the state religion. The population of Muslims in Qatar of Qataris are all Muslims but, there high numbers of foreign workers in Qatar which varies the Muslim population. In the CIA World Factbook it says 77.5% are Muslims, with 8.5% Christians and others remain.Foreign workers are well noted in the country, mainly from South Asia and Americans which constitute most of the population of Qatar.

Islam swept the entire Arabian region in the 7th century, overturning the idol worshippers. With the spread of Islam in Qatar, Prophet Mohammad (Peace be upon him) sent his first envoy Al Ala Al-Hadrami to Al-Mundhir Ibn Sawa Al-Tamimi, the ruler of Bahrain, which extended the coast from Kuwait to the south of Qatar including al-Hasa and Bahrain Islands, in the year 628, inviting him to accept Islam. Mundhir responding to the Prophet’s call announced his conversion to Islam and all the Arab inhabitants of Qatar including some Persians living in Qatar also became Muslim, heralding the beginning of the Islamic era in Qatar. Consequently, Al Ala Al-Hadrami was appointed by the Prophet as his representative in Bahrain to collect the Jizya (religious tax). During this early phase of Islam Qatar was famous for the robes which were woven there and exported to the various places. It is said that the Prophet to have worn a Qatari robe, as did his wife Aisha. Umr Ibn Al-Khattab had a Qatari cloak patched with feather.

 

This is the biggest mosque in Qatar

A mosque in Doha, Qatar

 

A mosque near Al-Sadd Sports Club in Doha, Qatar

  A mosque, Doha

 Islamic Centers and Organizations

Islamonline.net, Doha, belgque
URL: www.islamonline.net   Phone: 974-4457744

Markaz Abdulla bin Masoud (r.a.a), Doha
Phone: 4434366

Ministy of Awqaf, Doha, Qatar
URL: www.islam.gov.qa   Phone: 5260162

Al EBDA IT Corporation, Doha
Phone: +974-4477280

First finance company, Doha, Doha
URL: www.ffcqatar.com   Phone: +974-4559999

Golden Eagle Store, Doha, Doha
Phone: +974-4414156

INDIAN ISLAMIC ASSOCIATION, DOHA, DOHA
Phone: 4506274

Al-Mawred Computers & Electronics, Doha, Qatar


Bangladesh Quraa'n Sunnah Parishad Qatar, Doha, Doha
Phone: +974-4321942

Melayu Assunnah-Qatar, Doha
URL: www.assunnah-qatar.com   Phone: 6843295

  Al Asmakh Masjid /bukhari masjid, Doha
  Markaz Abdulla bin Masoud (r.a.a), Doha
  Masjed, Doha
  MASJID MARKAZ ABU HURAIRAH, Doha
  Ministy of Awqaf, Doha
  Omar Bin Al Khatab, Dawhat Al Qatar
  Omar bin Katab, Doha
  مسجد زيد بن ثابت, Al Rayyan
 
مسجد عقبة بن نافع, Al Nasraniyah

Bangladesh Quraa'n Sunnah Parishad Qatar, Doha
  INDIAN ISLAMIC ASSOCIATION, DOHA
  Islamonline.net, Doha
  Islamweb.net, Doha
  Melayu Assunnah-Qatar, Doha
  Qatar Indian Islahi Centre, Doha
  Qatar Indian Thowheed Centre,Doha, Doha
 
Qatar Society for Charity, Doha

  Al forqan school, Doha

   Muslim Owned Business

  Al EBDA IT Corporation, Doha
  Al-Mawred Computers & Electronics, Doha
  AQAR Real Estate Development & Investment, Doha
  Electrical Engineering Center, Doha
  First finance company, Doha
  Golden Eagle Store, Doha
 
MUGHALS QATAR CONTRACTING & TRADING CO, Doha

References
Islam in Qatar ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Qatar   , September, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107901.html ,  September, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=qatar  , September, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Qatar, September 2008.