ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN CYPRUS
Republic of Cyprus
National name: Kypriaki Dimokratia—Kibris Cumhuriyeti
Land area: 3,568 sq mi (9,241 sq km); total area: 3,571 sq mi ()
Population (2008 est.): 792,604
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Lefkosia (Nicosia) (in government-controlled area), 197,600
Monetary unit: Euro
Languages: Greek, Turkish (both official); English
Ethnicity/race: Greek 77%, Turkish 18% (each concentrated almost exclusively in separate areas); other 5% (2001)
National Holiday: Independence Day, October 1
Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Islam 18%, Maronite, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
Literacy rate: 98% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP: Greek Cypriot area (2007 est.): $21.41 billion; $27,100 per capita; Turkish Cypriot area (2007 est.): $4.54 billion; $7,135 per capita (2007 est.). Real growth rate: Greek Cypriot area: 3.9%; Turkish Cypriot area: 10.6%. Inflation: Greek Cypriot area: 2.3% (2007 est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 9.1% (2004 est.).
The third-largest island in the Mediterranean, Cyprus lies off the southern coast of Turkey and the western shore of Syria. The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 6,406 ft (1,953 m).
Cyprus was the site of early Phoenician and Greek colonies. For centuries its rule passed through many hands. It fell to the Turks in 1571, and a large Turkish colony settled on the island.
In World War I, at the outbreak of hostilities with Turkey, Britain annexed the island. It was declared a Crown colony in 1925. The Greek population, which regarded Greece as its mother country, sought self-determination and union (enosis) with Greece. In 1955, a guerrilla war against British rule was launched by the National Organization of Cypriot Combatants (EOKA). In 1958, Greek Cypriot nationalist leader Archbishop Makarios began calling for Cypriot independence rather than union with Greece. During this period, Turkish Cypriots began demanding that the island be partitioned between the Greek and Turkish populations.
Cyprus became an independent nation on Aug. 16, 1960, after Greek and Turkish Cypriots agreed on a constitution, which excluded both the possibility of partition as well as of union with Greece. Makarios became the country's first president.
Fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots flared up in the early 1960s, and a UN peacekeeping force was sent to the island in 1965. On July 15, 1974, Archbishop Makarios was overthrown in a military coup led by the Cypriot National Guard. On July 20, Turkey invaded Cyprus, asserting its right to protect the Turkish Cypriot minority. Turkey gained control of 30% of northern Cyprus and displaced some 180,000 Greek Cypriots. A UN-sponsored cease-fire was established on July 22, and Turkish troops were permitted to remain in the north. In Dec. 1974, Makarios again assumed the presidency. The following year, the island was partitioned into Greek and Turkish territories separated by a UN-occupied buffer zone.
Islamic History and Muslims
Islamic Centers and Organizations
LARNACA OLD MOSQUE, Larnaca Marina, cyprus
Muslim Owned Business
Restaurant & Butchery, Larnaca