ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN FINLAND

      

General Information

Republic of Finland

National name: Suomen Tasavalta—Republiken Finland

Land area: 117,942 sq mi (305,470 sq km); total area: 130,558 sq mi (338,145 sq km)

Population (2008 est.): 5,244,749

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Helsinki, 1,162,900 (metro. area), 582,600 (city proper)

Other large cities: Espoo, 229,500; Tampere, 201,200; Vantaa, 189,200; Turku, 178,100

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly markka)

Languages: Finnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities

Ethnicity/race: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.7%, Sami (Lapp) 0.1%, Roma 0.2%, Estonian 0.2%

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 84%, Greek Orthodox 1%, other Christian 1%, none 14%

National Holiday: Independence Day, December 6

Literacy rate: 100% (2000 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $185.5 billion; per capita $35,300. Real growth rate: 4.4%. Inflation: 1.6%.

Finland is three times the size of Ohio. It is heavily forested and contains thousands of lakes, numerous rivers, and extensive areas of marshland. Except for a small highland region in the extreme northwest, the country is a lowland less than 600 ft (180 m) above sea level. Off the southwest coast are the Swedish-populated Åland Islands (581 sq mi; 1,505 sq km), which have had an autonomous status since 1921.

The first inhabitants of Finland were the Sami (Lapp) people. When Finnish speakers migrated to Finland in the first millennium B.C., the Sami were forced to move northward to the arctic regions, with which they are traditionally associated. The Finns' repeated raids on the Scandinavian coast impelled Eric IX, the Swedish king, to conquer the country in 1157. It was made a part of the Swedish kingdom and converted to Christianity.

By 1809 the whole of Finland was conquered by Alexander I of Russia, who set up Finland as a grand duchy. The period of Russification (1809–1914) sapped Finnish political power and made Russian the country's official language. When Russia became engulfed by the March Revolution of 1917, Finland seized the opportunity to declare independence on Dec. 6, 1917.

The USSR attacked Finland on Nov. 30, 1939, after Finland refused to give in to Soviet territorial demands. The Finns staged a strong defense for three months before being forced to cede the Soviets 16,000 sq mi (41,440 sq km). Under German pressure, the Finns joined the Nazis against Russia in 1941, but they were defeated again and forced to cede the Petsamo area to the USSR. In 1948, a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance was signed by the two nations. Finland continued to pursue a foreign policy of nonalignment throughout the cold-war era.

Islamic History and Muslims

Islam was introduced to Finland by Baltic Tatars at the end of the 19th century. Since the late 20th century the number of Muslims in Finland has increased rapidly due to immigration. In 1999, there were an estimated 20,000 Muslims in Finland.

The Baltic Tatars arrived in Finland as merchants and soldiers at the end of the 19th century. They were later joined by other family members.

The Finnish Islamic Association (Suomen Islam-seurakunta) was founded in 1925. In practise, this society only accepts people from Tatar origin (or Turkish origin in general) as members, excluding non-Turkish Muslims.

The Islamic society of Finland (Suomen Islamilainen Yhdyskunta) was founded in 1987, Khodr Chehab is the imam of it. This society allows all Muslims to join their society.

Report on Islam:
Finn born in Islam, slowly


   Finland is by European standards a little Muslims.  Islam in Finland is a small minority religion, nor the experts believe that its growth will continue in future as a quick one of the last ten years.  What kind of platform for growth in Finland offers the root into the country to Islamic culture?

Researcher Sylvia Akar Helsinki University believes that Finland's Muslims are growing in Finland equality traditions.  The Arabic language and Islamic research assistant in the Office Akarin According to a good education and living standards through Islam receives little by little their own, the Finns face. Akarin According to Finland's Muslims have historically two main groups.

- Tatars, our country's oldest Muslim community, are integrated in Finland very well. They are still maintained and want to continue to maintain its own language and culture, Akar said. Tatars Islam is very different than the later immigrants Islam.  Tatars sign of mixed marriages of believers with Tatar and do not use a hair.

 Migrants in Islam appears in a new kind of religious exploration. Even 80-century Finland, then the Muslims were rather indifferent to their own religion. Now, immigrants have brought becoming a strong religious awareness, which appears in the new Islamic organizations growth. My new chapter of the Finnish Islam are a couple of hundred Finns Muslim. Most of them are women, who seem to be the men to open new things and cultures, Sylvia Akar wonders.

 Many of Islam as the Finn-looking women have gone to marry Muslim men. Reversal of Islam has been a natural part of a man acquainted with the culture. But how Islam comes in Finland to western democracy? - Muslims are two approaches to secular power, Sylvia Akar said. Most of Finland's Muslims emphasize their obligations towards the country. They advocate an interpretation that a Muslim can not live in a non-Muslim-held territory.  In this case, he has to be in solidarity with their country of residence of government.

Islam brings pluralism alongside the clear limits. Islam is a greater challenge to Western democracy as the opposite, Sylvia argued Akar. According to him, Islam can also be seen as a counterweight to Finnish mail list.

 - Selections freedom has increased in Western countries so broad that the perception of right and wrong can blur. Islam offers a clear limits on what is permissible and what is forbidden, Akar believes.

 One resident in the United States Imam, the Islamic learned, an assessment of Western society for a good illustration of how Muslims can see the true and false border visit to the West: "When we accept the presence of women in public, then communion, and gender interaction, then the premarital relationships and cohabitation, then we adopt an open gay sexuality and the next gay sex marriages. Where and when will we stop? "  Imam asks.

Imam perceptions can have different opinions, but it shows what he thinks of western pluralism. For many Muslims, according to the permitted and prohibited the border has become so west by a relative so that it is in fact disappeared, Sylvia Akar estimates.

 Islam, sued the Finnish equality concept

 Muslims do not Sylvia Akarin According to swallow all of the Finnish equality achievements, of which a good example are the same-sex partnerships.  Islam, leaders of the Sexuality is permitted only a man and woman between the marriage.

 - While Muslims have responded in history along very well tolerated gay sexuality, the same-sex partnership has not been legalized could be no question of any of a country in which the family law based on Islamic law for interpretation, Akar said.

 Akar believes that Islam can play in Finland at best a mirror through which the small northern European country sees the ethical development in relation to the great world religion.

- Islam is not opposed to progress, but it wants to see that science is the values that drive it.  Secular science and western violate the freedom of the multilateral Muslims believe that the harmonious world view.  They do a yes-free world, but at the same time valueless.

 - Finnish Islam is a religion section, which is more than a thousand years, forms an integral part of European culture.  The vast majority of Muslims in Finland is perceived as Islam's spiritual power, which is the common roots of Christianity sister with the stresses Sylvia Akar.

Religious Education , mosques are not built yet

 Lack of educational material have so far been the biggest problem in obtaining the Muslim religion in schools by teaching. Nyt koulujen Now the school is available, however, the process of being Islam-scientists and Islam together with the prepared material.

Islam, a religion is expected to record the basic schools in the autumn.

Finland has so far not a single purpose-built separate mosques. Muslims believe that the mosque should not be used for other believers funds, but has to believe in itself funded project.
 When Finland built the first mosque construction, Muslims hope that it will be given as good as the place to give the church.

 © LogosMedia / Jyrki Härkönen
7.6.2002 Residents Released 7.6.2002

Finland's Muslims is a multi-face group
Finnish Muslims have a very fragmented group.  As the oldest of which is about 700 Finnish Tatars. The first Tatars moved to the country from Russia to Finland after the war in the 1800s, at the beginning.  They were the merchants that successful trade missions since decided to settle in the largest cities.  1830. Tatars, first founded the Islamic Association in 1830.

 Finland's other Muslims are immigrants.  They have been around 20 000 persons, of which religion actively engaged approximately 15 000. Muslim immigrants began to come to Finland after the Second World War, at the outset, mainly as individual migrants and students who survived the country, mainly through marriage. Since the 1980s, immigrants have become refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants of Muslims from North Africa, the Middle East and Somalia. Even a few hundred Finns have turned to Islam.

 Muslims in Finland, belong to the population register, and not accurate statistics for quantity member does not exist.

Muslims in Finland's Nationality
Somalia 6400
Iraqis and Kurds  3000
 Albanians in 2000
North Africa 1700
Turkish  1500
Iranians 1500
Bosnians 1000
The Finnish Tatars 700
Bangladeshi 300
Lebanese 200
Pakistanis 200
Syrian  100
Jordanian 100
Medium Africans about 100

(The estimate is derived from the Finnish Islamic community)

 Muslim communities in Finland

Finland's Islam-parish
- Consists exclusively Tatars and other nationalities do not take as members of
 - Established in 1925 in Finland as the congregation Muslims, the current name was introduced in 1963
- 700 members
- Mosques in Helsinki and Cavite, hired its own imam
- Tampere Tatars founded in 1943 its own Islamic congregation, which currently has about a hundred members.

The Finnish Islamic Urban

- Founded in 1987, Finland's largest immigrant community of Muslims
 - Mosque at the center of Helsinki
- 500 members, but involving about a thousand people, mostly Arabs and converts the Finns, who also played Journal
 - Quran school, as well as Arabic and teaching somalian.

Helsinki Islam Center
- Set up by early 1990
- Mosque at the center of Helsinki
- 150 members, but the operation involved about 500 people, mainly west African migrants
Helsinki Islam Cultural Center) - Maintain a cultural meeting (Helsinki, Islam Cultural Center), and publishes literature

The Finnish Islamic Center
- Founded in 1997, a couple of hundred members, mainly Asian migrants
- Mosques in central Helsinki

 Operates the metropolitan area, in addition to at least five other Islamic urban, which have their own mosque.  Mosques assemble the crowd, mainly a national basis. Elsewhere in Finland, mosques, at least in Tampere, Turku, Lahti, Lohja, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Vaasa, Seinäjoki, in Lappeenranta, Joensuu, Oulu, Kajaani, Kemi and Rovaniemi.  In addition, there is an unregistered Muslim communities who do not want to give the data to contact the authorities.

The data are from Marietta Kari Koski report of the Muslim Cultural diversity, the metropolitan region's Islamic communities (Labor series of immigration issue, No. 4, 1999).

Cemeteries


 Finland has two Muslim cemeteries, Helsinki and Tampere. They are just Tatars Finland-Islam congregation members.  1990-first century has opened up parts of the cemetery for Muslim vainajia for Kirkkonummi, Cavite, in Kuopio, Oulu, Rovaniemi and Tampere.  Muslims receive from these countries to the funeral burial plot against payment. Muslims available to the grave sites are inadequate, and new cemeteries need to grow all the time.

© LogosMedia / Tapani Kärkkäinen
7.6.2002 Residents Released 7.6.2002 ( http://www.google.com/search?q=Raportti+islamista  )

Finland Mosques Map

Islamic Centers and Organizations

Islam House or Mosque (Moskeija), Helsinki
Phone: 643 579
 

Islamic Multicultural Dawah Center of Helsinki, Helsinki
URL: www.masjidiman.com   Phone: 00358-9241 0526

Asma Fashion, Helsinki
URL: http://asmafashion.tripod.com/photo   Phone: 040-5605916

Al.ikhlaas Lehti, a monthly Islaamic Finnish magazine, Helsinki, Finland
URL: geocities.com/ikhlaasfi   Phone: 358. 44. 5600 584

Helsinki Islamic Center, Helsinki
URL: http://hki-islamkeskus.fi   Phone: 358 451282818

Pohjois-Suomen Islamilainen Yhdyskunta, Oulu
URL: www.spubs.com  

الرابطة الإسلامية في فنلندا, Helsinki
URL: www.rabita.fi   Phone: 358 9-2782553

Helsinki Islamic Center, Helsinki, Veturitori 2
URL: http://hki-islamkeskus.fi/som/index.php   Phone: +358 9 7260207

  Helsinki Islamic Center, Helsinki
  Helsinki Islamic Center, Helsinki
  Islam, Esbo
  Islam House or Mosque (Moskeija), Helsinki
  Islamic Center and School, Turku
  Islamic Multicultural Dawah Center of Helsinki, Helsinki
  Islamic Rahma center in Finland, Helsinki
  Islamilainen valistusyhdistys Al-Hamd ry, Lahti
  Islamilaisen Kutt. Yhdistys. Hy, Jyvaskyla
  Järvenpää Moskeija, Järvenpää
  Kainuun Islamilainen Yhdyskunta, Kajaani
  Kainuunislamilainen yhdyskunta, Kajaani
  Masjid Abubakarsadik, Espoo
  Masjid Al-Shifaa, Vantaa
  Masjid Darul Aman, Helsinki
  Masjid Vaasa, Vaasa
  Pohjois-Karjalan Islamilainen Yhdyskunta(Joensuu), Joensuu
  Savon Islamilainen Yhdyskunta, Kuopio
  Suomen Islam Keskus, Helsinki
  Tampereen islamin yhdyskunta, Tampere
  The Islamic Society of Finland, Helsinki
  The islamic union in Finland, Esbo
  Turun islam keskus, Turku
  TURUN ISLAMILAINEN YHDISTYS, Turku
  مسجد السنة, Helsinki
  Yusuf Al-naghi Mosque, Oulu
  المركز الثقافي الاسلامي ومسجد الرحمن, Porvoo

  Al.ikhlaas Lehti, a monthly Islaamic Finnish magazine, Helsinki
  Ashti Yhdistys Ry - Turku, Turku
  International Muslim Women Union of Finland, Helsinki
  Islam-Info Yhdistys Ry, Espoo
  Islamic Society of Turku, Turku
  KAAKKOIS-SUOMEN MUSLIMIYHDISTYS, Lappeenranta
  Morocco community in Finland ry, Helsinki
  Pohjois-Suomen Islamilainen Yhdyskunta, Oulu
  The Muslim Association of Aland Islands , Mariehamn, Mariehamn
  Totuudentie, Espoo
  Tulevaisuus.org - Islam in Finland (Forum, Chat, Islamic Information..), Helsinki
  Turun suomalaiset musliminaiset ry., Turku
  Vaasa Islamic Society, Vaasa
 
الرابطة الإسلامية في فنلندا, Helsinki

Annur Mosque Jyväskylä Halal Food, Jyvaskyla

   Muslim Owned Business

1) www.iTori.net Shopping Network, Espoo
  AIRIN KEBAB & PIZZERIA, Turku
  Al malik call center & gift shop, Helsinki
  AL-AMAL HALAL-LIHA JA ELINTARVIKEKAUPPA, Espoo
  Asma Fashion, Helsinki
  Baghdadco Halal, Turku
  CALLTOALL, Helsinki
  F&F TEXTILES OY (GARMENTS FROM PAKISTAN), Helsinki
  GREEN CHILLI, Espoo
  grilli pizzeria kebab jahala zainana, Kuopio
  Halvat Hinnat Verkkokauppa, Turku
  Kebap Pizzeria Kemer, Kuopio
  ORIENTAL TRANSLATIONS TM, Helsinki
  OY AB NIILIN POIKA LTD, Vaasa
  Pearlrich.com Shoes Online, Helsinki
  quattro kebab pitseria, Kuopio
  sahara halal Kebab, Turku
  Silkkitie, Jyvaskyla
  Taqwa Media, Helsinki
 
TIGRIS SHOP, Vaasa

References
Islam in Finland  ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Finland  , October, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107513.html ,  October, 2008).
Islam Finder ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=finland   , October, 2008).
World Religions Statistics ( http://www.adherents.com/adhloc/xx , October, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Finland , October 2008.