General Information

Principality of Liechtenstein

National name: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein

Total area: 62 sq mi (161 sq km)

Population (2008 est.): 34,498

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Vaduz, 5,300

Monetary unit: Swiss franc

Languages: German (official), Alemannic dialect

Ethnicity/race: Alemannic 86%; Italian, Turkish, and other 14%

Religions: Roman Catholic, 77%, Protestant, 7%; unknown, 11% (2002)

National Holiday: Assumption Day, August 15

Literacy rate: 100% (1981 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2001 est.): $1.786 billion; per capita $25,000 (1999). Real growth rate: 11(1999)%. Inflation: 1% (2001).

Tiny Liechtenstein, not quite as large as Washington, DC, lies on the east bank of the Rhine River south of Lake Constance between Austria and Switzerland. It consists of low valley land and Alpine peaks. Falknis (8,401 ft; 2,561 m) and Naafkopf (8,432 ft; 2,570 m) are the tallest.

The Liechtensteiners are descended from the Alemanni tribe that came into the region after A.D. 500. Founded in 1719, Liechtenstein was a member of the German Confederation from 1815 to 1866, when it became an independent principality. It abolished its army in 1868 and has managed to stay neutral and undamaged in all European wars since then. Liechtenstein still claims 1,600 sq km of Czech territory (the royal family's ancestral home) confiscated in 1918; the Czech Republic insists that restitution does not go back before Feb. 1948, when the Communists seized power. In a referendum on July 1, 1984, male voters granted women the right to vote in national (but not local) elections.

Blacklisted in 2000 as a center for money laundering, Liechtenstein toughened its laws and made major efforts to clean up its financial practices. In 2002, the country was removed from the OECD's (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development) blacklist.

In March 2003, Liechtenstein's people overwhelmingly voted to give its prince more powers, including the right to dismiss governments and approve judicial nominees. Prince Hans Adam II had threatened to leave the country if his demands for more authority were not met. Before the vote, he had already possessed more power than any other European monarch.

In Aug. 2003 he announced that he would give up the day-to-day ruling of the country in one year's time. In Aug. 2004, his son, Prince Alois, 36, became regent of Liechtenstein, while Hans Adam II remained the official head of state.

Islamic History and Muslims

There are 1,384 Muslims living in Liechtenstein, which is about 4% of the general population. In 2004, the government established a working group for the better integration of members of the Muslim community into society. In cooperation with the national library, the working group has made accessible to the public a selection of books in Turkish as well as books on Islam.

At the working group's suggestion the government made a contribution of US$20,000 (25,000 Swiss francs) to the Muslim community in 2006.

Since 2001, the government has granted the Muslim community a residency permit for one imam, plus one short-term residency permit for an additional imam during Ramadan. The government follows a policy of routinely granting visas to the imams in exchange for the agreement of both the Turkish Association and the Islamic community to prevent religious diatribes by the imams or the spread of religious extremism.

  Islamic Centers and Organizations

Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation, Aeulestrasse 74, Postfach 86, Vaduz, FL 9490, LIECHTENSTEIN. URL: 
General Information: Islamic Research center


Liechtenstein Grüne Moschee, Industrie Strasse 32, Triesen, 9495, LIECHTENSTEIN. Phone: +41-76 574 33 46, General Information: Mosque

   Muslim Owned Business


Islam in Liechtenstein (   , November, 2008).
Info please ( ,  November, 2008).
Islam Finder ( , November, 2008).
World Religions Statistics ( , November, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Liechtenstein, November 2008.