General Information

National name: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg

Total area: 998 sq mi (2,585 sq km)

Population (2008 est.): 486,006

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Luxembourg, 78,800

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly Luxembourg franc)

Languages: Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)

Ethnicity/race: Celtic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kosovo), and European (guest and worker residents)

Religions: Roman Catholic 87%; Protestant, Jewish, Islamic 13% (2000)

National Holiday: National Day, November 23

Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $38.56 billion; per capita $80,500. Real growth rate: 5.4%. Inflation: 2.3%.

Luxembourg is about half the size of Delaware. The Ardennes Mountains extend from Belgium into the northern section of Luxembourg. The rolling plateau of the fertile Bon Pays is in the south.

Luxembourg, once part of Charlemagne's empire, became an independent state in 963, when Siegfried, count of Ardennes, became sovereign of Lucilinburhuc (“Little Fortress”). In 1060, Conrad, a descendant of Siegfried, took the title count of Luxembourg. From the 15th to the 18th century, Spain, France, and Austria held the duchy in turn. The Congress of Vienna in 1815 made it a grand duchy and gave it to William I, king of the Netherlands. In 1839, the Treaty of London ceded the western part of Luxembourg to Belgium. The eastern part, continuing in personal union with the Netherlands and a member of the German Confederation, became autonomous in 1848 and a neutral territory by decision of the London Conference of 1867, governed by its grand duke. Germany occupied the duchy in World Wars I and II. Allied troops liberated the enclave in 1944.

Luxembourg joined NATO in 1949, the Benelux Economic Union (with Belgium and the Netherlands) in 1948, and the European Economic Community (later the EU) in 1957. In 1961, Prince Jean, son and heir of Grand Duchess Charlotte, was made head of state, acting for his mother. She abdicated in 1964, and Prince Jean became grand duke. Grand Duchess Charlotte died in 1985. Luxembourg's parliament approved the Maastricht Accord, paving the way for the economic unity of the EU in July 1992. Crown Prince Henri was sworn in as grand duke in Oct. 2000, replacing his father, Jean, who had been head of state for 26 years.

Islamic History and Muslims

Muslims in Luxembourg are a minority together with: Protestants, Orthodox Christians, and Jews. Since 2007, Islam is legally recognized in the country.

According to the EUMC report, there are about 6,000 Muslims in Luxembourg. Up until the 70s the Muslim population was very small. In the mid-70s the Muslim population counted 300 people, going up to 3,000 by the mid-90s. Since then the population doubled due to asylum seekers from former Yugoslavia. These asylum seekers are not expected to stay more than a few years.

Of the 6,000 registered Muslims, 65% come from former Yugoslavia: 1,900 from Bosnia-Herzegovina and 1,800 from Montenegro.

The Muslim community has no specifically built mosque and uses the Islamic Cultural Center of Luxembourg as a prayer place.

Veil wearing women in public is quite rare.

  Islamic Centers and Organizations

Centre Culturel Islamique du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 2, route d'Arlon L-8210 Mamer, Luxembourg, LUXEMBOURG. Phone: 352 -31 00 60, Fax: 352 26 31 04 26, Email:  , URL: , General Information: Mosque

   Muslim Owned Business

La Zitouna (Boucherie Halal), 10, rue des Près, Strassen, Strassen L-8039, LUXEMBOURG. Phone: +352-316072, Fax: +352 316072

Islam in Luxembourg (   , November, 2008).
Info please (,  November, 2008).
Islam Finder ( h , November, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Luxembourg, November 2008.