ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN NORWAY

      

General Information

Kingdom of Norway

National name: Kongeriket Norge

Land area: 118,865 sq mi (307,860 sq km); total area: 125,181 sq mi (324,220 sq km)

Population (2007 est.): 4,627,926

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Oslo, 791,500

Other large cities: Bergen, 211,200; Stavanger, 168,600; Trondheim, 144,000

Monetary unit: Norwegian krone

Languages: Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)

Ethnicity/race: Norwegian, Sami 20,000

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church), Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2% (2004)

Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $247.4 billion; per capita $53,000. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 0.8%.

Norway is situated in the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula. It extends about 1,100 mi (1,770 km) from the North Sea along the Norwegian Sea to more than 300 mi (483 km) above the Arctic Circle, the farthest north of any European country. It is slightly larger than New Mexico. Nearly 70% of Norway is uninhabitable and covered by mountains, glaciers, moors, and rivers. The hundreds of deep fjords that cut into the coastline give Norway an overall oceanfront of more than 12,000 mi (19,312 km). Galdhø Peak, at 8,100 ft (2,469 m), is Norway's highest point and the Glåma (Glomma) is the principal river, at 372 mi (598 km) long.

Norwegians, like the Danes and Swedes, are of Teutonic origin. The Norsemen, also known as Vikings, ravaged the coasts of northwest Europe from the 8th to the 11th century and were ruled by local chieftains. Olaf II Haraldsson became the first effective king of all Norway in 1015 and began converting the Norwegians to Christianity. After 1442, Norway was ruled by Danish kings until 1814, when it was united with Sweden—although retaining a degree of independence and receiving a new constitution—in an uneasy partnership. In 1905, the Norwegian parliament arranged a peaceful separation and invited a Danish prince to the Norwegian throne—King Haakon VII. A treaty with Sweden provided that all disputes be settled by arbitration and that no fortifications be erected on the common frontier.

When World War I broke out, Norway joined with Sweden and Denmark in a decision to remain neutral and to cooperate in the joint interest of the three countries. In World War II, Norway was invaded by the Germans on April 9, 1940. It resisted for two months before the Nazis took complete control. King Haakon and his government fled to London, where they established a government-in-exile. Maj. Vidkun Quisling, who served as Norway's prime minister during the war, was the most notorious of the Nazi collaborators. The word for traitor, quisling, bears his name. He was executed by the Norwegians on Oct. 24, 1945. Despite severe losses in the war, Norway recovered quickly as its economy expanded. It joined NATO in 1949.

Islamic History and Muslims

Islam is the largest minority religion in Norway with over 2% of the population. In 2007, government statistics registered 79,068 members of Islamic congregations in Norway, about 10% more than in 2006. 56% lived in the counties of Oslo and Akershus.[2] Scholarly estimates from 2005 regarding the number of people of Islamic background in Norway vary between 120,000 and 150,000.[3] The vast majority have an immigrant background, with Norwegians of Pakistani descent being the most visible and well-known group. The Islamic community in Norway is highly diverse, but many mosques are organised in the umbrella organisation Islamic Council Norway (Islamsk Råd Norge).

Icelandic annals relate the arrival of embassies from the Muslim sultan of Tunis in Norway in the 1260s, after King Håkon Håkonsson had sent embassies to the Sultan with rich gifts. It would not be unreasonable to suppose that Muslims had visited Norway earlier than this. The population of Muslims in the country has not been noticeable until the latter half of the 20th century, however. Immigration from Muslim countries to Norway began late compared to other western-European countries, and didn't gather pace until the late 1960s. In 1975, labor immigration to Norway was halted, but rules for family reunification were relatively relaxed for several more years.

The number of Muslims in Norway was first registered in official statistics in 1980, when it was given as 1006. These statistics are based on membership in a registered congregation, and it is most likely that the low number is due to the fact that few Muslims were members of a mosque. Historian of religion Kari Vogt estimates that 10% of Norwegian Muslims were members of a mosque in 1980, a proportion which had increased to 70% by 1998. Being a member of a mosque was an alien concept to many immigrants from Muslim countries. In Norway, it is necessary for the mosques to register their members, because government grants to religious congregations outside the state church are based on the number of registered members. The number of registered members of mosques increased to 80,838 in 2004, but have since dropped to 72,023 in 2006. Part of the reason for the drop could be a new methodology in the compilation of statistics.

In the end of the 1990s, Islam passed the Roman Catholic Church and Pentecostalism to become the largest minority religion in Norway, provided Islam is seen as one united grouping. In 2004, the registered Muslims were members of 92 different congregations. 40 of these were based in Oslo or Akershus counties.

Population

Muslims in Norway are a very fragmented group, coming from many different backgrounds. Kari Vogt estimated in 2000 that there were about 500 Norwegian converts to Islam. The rest are mostly first or second generation immigrants from a number of countries. The largest immigrant communities from Muslim countries in Norway are from Pakistan, Iraq and Somalia:

Country of origin Number

Pakistan 29 134
Iraq 22 881
Somalia 21 795
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 649
Iran 15 134
Turkey 15 003

An unknown, but presumably high, proportion of these immigrant populations is Muslim. In other words, the largest group of Norwegian Muslims originate in Pakistan, but no single nationality constitute as much as a quarter of the total population.

The Turkish, Pakistani and Iranian communities are quite established in Norway. 55% of Iranians have lived in Norway more than 10 years. The Iraqis are a more recent group, with 80% of the Iraqi community having arrived in the past 10 years.

In the 1990s there was a wave of asylum seekers from the Balkans. In recent years most immigrants arrive as part of family reunification.

Congregations

The first mosque in Norway was the Islamic Cultural Centre (named in English)[6], which opened in Oslo in 1974. The initiative for the mosque came from Pakistanis who were helped by the Islamic Cultural Centre which had already opened in Copenhagen in Denmark. The new mosque adhered to the deobandi branch of Sunni Islam. Adherents of the barelwi branch, who constituted the majority of Pakistanis in Norway, soon felt the need for a mosque of their own, and opened the Central Jama'at-e Ahl-e Sunnat in 1976. This is today the largest mosque in Norway, with over 5000 members.

As the Muslim population grew, the number of mosques also multiplied quickly. As long as the total number of Muslims was low, it was natural for many different groupings to congregate in a single mosque. But as different immigrant groupings increased in number, the wish for separate mosques for people of different nationalities, languages and sects increased. The first Shia mosque, Anjuman-e hussaini, was founded in 1975, and in the early 1980s, separated Moroccan and Turkish mosques were established.

The mosques have been important, not just as places of prayer, but also as a meeting place for members of minority groupings. Several mosques also do different forms of social work, e.g. importantly, organising the transport of deceased members back to their countries of origin for burial. The mosques are mostly situated in regular city blocks, and are not easily visible features of the cities. By 2005, only one purpose-built mosque existed in Norway, built by the World Islamic Mission in Oslo in 1995. Minhaj-ul-Quran International established its mosque and centre in 1987. [7] In 2000, this was the first Norwegian mosque to start performing the adhan - the call to prayer. Initially, the mosque received permission from Gamle Oslo borough to perform the adhan once a week. This was appealed to county authorities by the Progress Party. The ruling of the fylkesmann (county governor) of Oslo and Akershus stated that no permission was required for performing the adhan, leaving the mosque free to perform it at their own discretion.[8] The mosque decided to limit themselves to performing the adhan once a week.

Islamic Council Norway

An umbrella organisation for Muslim congregations and organisations in Norway, Islamic Council Norway (Islamsk Råd Norge), was established in 1993. The development of Muslim congregations in Norway in the 1980s had moved towards fragmentation, as several new mosques were established for different Muslim groupings. There was no unified organisation which could represent Muslims vis-a-vis Norwegian society. The trigger for closer co-operation between congregations was an invitation from the Inter-Church Council of the Church of Norway (Mellomkirkelig råd for Den norske kirke), an organ of the Norwegian state church. The Council suggested establishing permanent contact between Christian and Muslim organisations. This suggestion was well received in the Muslim community, but there was at that time no single organisation which could represent Muslims in such a forum. The largest mosque, Central Jama'at-e Ahl-e sunnat, took the initiative to start the process which led to the formation of Islamic Council Norway on 22 October 1993, initially with five member mosques. Subsequently, the Contact Group for the Inter-Church Council of the Church of Norway and Islamic Council Norway (Kontaktgruppa for Mellomkirkelig Råd for Den norske kirke og Islamsk Råd Norge) was established. In February 2007, Islamic Council Norway had 22 member organisations, including three lower level umbrella organisations. In 1999 it was estimated that about half of all Muslims in Norway were members of mosques organised in the Islamic Council, including Albanian, Bosnian, Pakistani (barelwi and deobandi), Turkish, Somali, Arab, Iranian, and Gambian mosques. Since 1996, Islamic Council Norway has taken part in the Co-operation Council for Societies of Faith (Samarbeidsrådet for Tros- og Livssynssamfunn) which organises all major religions of Norway.

In August 2008 the council met stern protest for asking the European Fatwa Council to decide on the death penalty for homosexuality. The Minister of Children and Equality felt this to be "unacceptable", while the Speaker of the Norwegian Parliament asked to stop all financial support immediately. Homosexual and lesbian activist groups protested against the council's request.


Other Muslim organisations

Other inter-congregational organisations also exist. Minhaj-ul-Quran mosque and community centre was established in Oslo in 1987.[13] In 1991, the Islamic Women's Group Norway (Islamsk Kvinnegruppe Norge) was founded, after an initiative by the Norwegian convert Nina Torgersen. In 1995, a Muslim Students' Society (Muslimsk Studentsamfunn) was established at the University of Oslo. The Islamic foundation Urtehagen was established in 1991 by the Norwegian convert Trond Ali Linstad, at first running a kindergarten and youth club. In 1993, Linstad applied for the first time to establish a Muslim private school. The Labour Party government of Gro Harlem Brundtland rejected the application in 1995, stating that it would be "detrimental to the integration of the children". After the Labour government was replaced by the government of Kjell Magne Bondevik of the Christian People's Party in 1997, Linstad applied again, and his application was approved in 1999. In August 2001, Urtehagen School (Urtehagen friskole) opened with 75 pupils. However, internal conflicts at the school led to its closure in the spring of 2004.[14] Plans to open a similar school in Drammen in 2006 were blocked after the new left-wing government stopped all new private schools after coming to power in 2005.[15] As of today, no Muslim schools exist in Norway.


Issues in the Muslim community

The wearing of the Muslim veil and niqab - The niqab had been banned from Oslo public schools and there is currently a debate as to whether to ban it from educational institutions across the country. Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy - the anger in the Muslim world was directed at Norway and not only at Denmark. The Norwegian embassy in Damascus, Syria was torched.

Marriage Patterns

Most Muslims prefer endogamy, that is: marrying within their own social group. However, there are differences in marriage patterns between the different Muslim communities. About 75% of Pakistanis and Turks marry their own countrymen from outside Norway. This figure is lower by Moroccans (~70%), Somalians and Iraqis (50%-70%) and Iranians (30%-60%).

Marriage patterns with Norwegians vary as well. While among Iranian men and women 19% and 16%, respectively, marry Norwegians, among Iraqi men and women, 18% and 4% do the same. Among Pakistanis occurrences of such intermarriage are quite rare, with less than 4% marrying Norwegians.

 

  The mosque of The Islamic Association of Bergen (Det Islamske Forbundet i Bergen), like most Norwegian mosques situated in a regular town house.

  The World's northermost mosque, in a basement in Tromsø.

  Nor mosque at Frogner in Oslo, the mosque of the Ahmadiya in Oslo.

 Islam in Norway, statistics

In 2005, estimated Kari Vogt (in the book Verdensreligioner in Norway) the number of Norwegian Muslimar to 120 000 Jan Opsal (i den nye utgåva av boka Lydighetens vei gav eit høgare tal, nemleg 150 000. Jan Opsal (in the new version of the book Lydighetens way gave a higher number, took 150 000.

No official statistics registers who are "Muslimar" in the sense that they have Islam as their home background.  But by holding ethnic statistics together with estimates of the percentage of Muslims in each nation group, it is possible to come to the relatively secure estimates of how many innvandrarar, refugees and asylum Sokar who have come here with Islam as their home background, or is born of parents with such a background. Statistics Norway's different ways to assume the ethnic population on.

How many are members of a Muslim Trussamfunn in Norway, is another matter, and to read off of Trussamfunn statistics.

Muslim background:

Many of the Muslims in Norway are from the 70 century, with subsequent familiesameining and family growth in Norway on 80's. Tala below shows the most important ethnic groups from countries with more than 95% Muslimar according to Statistics Norway's overview pr.  2006 for its ethnic population landbakgrunn (= 'own parents fødeland [if there is foreign] for utanlands born or people with two utanlands born parents ").  If one had considered the children born of American parents with Muslim identity (the latter there are no statistics for rimelegvis), the number had been part right.

* Pakistan 27 700, Turkey 14 100, Morocco 7 000

From the mid-80 century came the Muslim refugees and asylum Sokar. The largest group was in the mid 90 century the European Muslims:

14 800 * Bosnia, Kosovo 10 000? (SSB har berre tal for Serbia og Montenegro, som er 12 900) (SSB have only numbers for Serbia and Montenegro, which is 12 900)

The largest groups come from elles

* Iraq (kurdarar from the north, sjia Muslimar from the south, and others) 20 100 Somalia 18 000, Iran 14 300

Outside the nation nemnde groups, it is probably about. 7 000 muslimar from other countries in the Middle Austen and North Africa, and approx. 9000  from Africa and Asia. In addition to innvandrarar and asylum Sokar will 900-1000 Norwegian converts, according to Kari Vogt in Manager (Night) 9 november 2006. November 2006.

Membership figures in the Muslim organizations:

The number of organized Muslimar have 80 - and 90-years stigande shown a strong tendency, both in absolute and relative numbers:

1980: 1 006 (about. 10 000 with a Muslim background, ie 10%)

1985: 8 214

1990: 19 189 (of approx. 36 000, ie 53%)

1994: 32 811

1998: 46 634 (of 67 000: 70%)

2000: 56 458 (80 000: 70%, 90 000: 62%)

2001: 62 753 (of 100 000: 62%)

2002: 70 500 (of 105 000: 67%)

2003: 75 700 (of 115 000: 66%)

2004: 80,838 (120 of 000: 67%)

2005: 76 621 (of 130 000: 59%)

2006: 72 023 (of 135 000: 53%)

2007: 79,068 (145 of 000: 54%)

They organized themselves for Muslims according to Statistics Norway their reports for 2003 of 90 (in 2002: 81) registered or unregistered Trussamfunn: 40 in Oslo / Akershus; 9 in Maharashtra; 8 in Østfold; 7 in Buskerud and in the Western College; 4 Telemark; 3 in Hordaland; 2 in Vestfold, Gujarat and More og Romsdal; 1 in the Aust-Agder, Hedmark, Sogn og Fjordane, Sør-Trøndelag, Nord-Trondelag and Troms (cf. the county view the map from 2002 below).

In addition to these again will local Muslim meetings as belonging to organizations that are registered in another county, and meetings that have not registered with county governor at all.

Many of the Muslim Assembly has its own mosque, in the public's meaning bønerom.  Most held in ominnreidde commercial premises, old skule buildings or apartments.  Norway's first new mosque (built by the World Islamic Mission) was adopted in Oslo in 1995.

Most of the Mosque in Oslo's Sunni-Muslim, with the exception of three shi'a-Muslim and an Ahmadiyya-Assembly Important variables are cultural background, ethnicity and language.  Of Muslim organizations and the Mosque in Oslo, we find 15 mainly Pakistani, 4 Turkish, Moroccan 3, 5 all-el Arab. 2 West African, 1 Kosovo-Albanian, Bosnian 1, 1 Kurdish, and (from 1997), an Iranian with the most members.

Mosque to World Islamic Mission World Islamic Mission in Åkebergvn. 28b, exterior

  Oslo mosque
 

 

The mosque at Grønland, downtown Oslo 

Urtehagen children's school and the minaret of a new mosque in Oslo. 

 




Muslims in Norway
By Abed Nakhleh
Thu. Nov. 8, 2007
http://www.islamonline.net/ 


Despite the fact that Islam is not new in Norway, the historic roots of Islam in this country have almost been forgotten over time. They have been lately discovered by archaeologists in the southern parts of Norway. In their trades with the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad, the Vikings used to carry, upon returning home, Islamic coins that bear the Shahadah (Arabic for: testimony of Islamic Faith).

Furthermore, some rumors were going a round about the huge number of Vikings who died and disappeared because of the ongoing Christian missionary movements all over Norway and in other Scandinavian countries.

What is really surprising is that Henrik Wergeland (one of the great Norwegian figures in modern history and one of the fathers of the Norwegian constitution) was a Muslim in secret. Lately, a bunch of letters that Wergeland had sent to his mother were discovered, where he confessed adherence to Islam. He was referring to Islam as the religion of the Turks (meaning the Ottoman Empire).

First Norwegian Muslims

As far as Norway is concerned, Muslims did not find it an attractive country because of its cold climate and its impoverished economy before the 1960s.

Lately, after the discovery of oil in Norway, the need for labor arose. At that time, the Turks and Pakistani were available and welcome into the society. Yet, the Norwegian society was quite sensational toward immigrants at that time because the country was almost 100-percent ethnically and religiously homogonous.

As immigrants, Muslims encountered a society that was totally different from theirs. They were required to overcome the new challenges that they faced in the Norwegian society.

Muslims in Norway had been a very small minority until the 1970s when more and more Muslims started to immigrate from war-torn countries and the African continent as a whole, especially the northern region.

After 1985, the numbers of Muslims started to increase because of immigrants and students. Also, some Norwegians started to convert to Islam. Regardless of the real reason behind this huge number of converts (whether it is due to Islam itself as a religion or intermarriages), no one can deny the fact that nowadays Islam has become the second biggest and fastest growing religion in Norway.

The Muslim population in Norway is not exactly known, but it is approximately 300,000 out of 4,500,000 Norwegians.

Norwegian Muslims' Identity


The ongoing role of media in defaming Islam has clearly raised the number of Norwegians who converted to Islam. More Muslims got in touch with their religious identity and clinched to it. Naturally, the question of identity became an essential issue, especially for the second generation of Norwegian Muslims. The religious identity became a very important issue. It surpassed the ethnic identity in
many cases.

Of course the need of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) arose in light of the cultural background of this country. The Muslims have been generally successful in establishing their institutions and organizations, and this process is developing ever since. Great efforts are being done by all concerned Muslims in this country.

The population of Muslims in Norway is ethnically diverse and has different directions. The Pakistanis constitute the largest Muslim community, then come the Turks and eventually the Arabs. In Addition, Norway has some Muslims from all over the Muslim World. Many of those Muslims are workers and many of them are school and university students.

It is reasonable to say that the Muslim community in Norway is integrated into the society far better than the integration of Muslim communities in many other countries. This is due to the Norwegian government's support for those who have some difficulties in coping
with the Norwegian society.

Norwegian Muslim Politicians


There are active Muslims in all political parties, except the far right. As a result, Muslims can be seen in the General Parliament and the communal parliaments, too. Such an integration should not be regarded as friction-free. Just like in other Western countries, the anti-Islamic propaganda has reached Norway through some media that played the game of Islamophobia.

Although the anti-Islamic propaganda in Norway is never as terrible as those in some European countries, Norwegian Muslims still have a great task of integration. They are working regularly on representing Islam in the right way that it deserves.

Basically, representing Islam depends on learning Islamic studies, which is available to all Norwegian Muslims, free of charge, even in universities. Also it depends on fiqh (Arabic for: Islamic jurisprudence), which deals with daily matters that Muslims here encounter and solves some of the urgent issues that needs to be solved. One of these problems is bank loans for private housing.

Norwegian Muslims also lack the Islamic education based mainly on Islamic instructions. They do need a system of education that works as a complement to state-driven schools. They need a more in-depth Islamic education, and this of course requires qualified persons who have the capacity of bridging the gap between the two worlds.

There have been a lot of extended consultations among the religious leaders of the Muslim community. Muslims are not exotic or strange elements in the society, especially in the major cities in Norway where the majority of the Muslim community resides.

By the time of the third generation of Norwegian Muslims, it would not be unreasonable to assume that Norway will have a Muslim prime minister. The Norwegian governments have been successful in the efforts exerted to integrate Muslims in the society as active members.

What do you think about the integration of Norwegian Muslims into their society? Do you believe that Norwegian Muslims will be "taking over the country"?

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* This article is a contribution by Abed Nakhleh. ( http://www.islamawareness.net/Europe/Norway/norway_article0001.html  )

European Muslims at islamOnline.net invites you to contribute with the page and send us your articles, flash presentations, pictures, audio and video files related to European Muslims issues. Each contribution will be considered separately for publication, and only slight editing changes, when necessary, will be performed.

Send your contributions with your name and email address to: Euro_Muslims@iolteam.com

Abed Nakhlehis a Palestinian-born Norwegian citizen. He is a freelance writer who has been working as a school teacher for many years. He is a postgraduate of the Faculty of International Law, Kiev, Ukraine. He may be reached at Euro_Muslims@iolteam.com.
 

 Islamic Centers and Organizations

Islamic Cultural Center, Oslo
URL: www.islamic.no   Phone: + 47 22 17 25 91

 

Bergen Mosque, Bergen, Hordaland
Phone: +47-55233710

 

Al-rahma Islamic center, Kristiansand Sor, ROGALAND
Phone: 47 38 09 53 63

 

Lille Arafat Butikk, Oslo
Phone: 22171232

 

News Cafe, Oslo
Phone: 99256800

 

Rogaland muslim society norway, Stavanger, Norway
Phone: 47-51895495

 

Det Islamske Kultursenter i Bergen, Bergen, Norwey
Phone: 47-55325063

 

Norwegian Islamic Youth NMU, Oslo
Phone: 47-22-205886

 

Muslim Society In Trondheim, Trondheim
Phone: 73529848

 

Baghdad Kjøtt, Oslo
Phone: 0047-222371265

Abu Al-Fadel Islamsk Kultursenter, Bergen
  Afghansk kulturelle forening i, Oslo
  AL-NOOR ISLAMIC CENTRE, KOLSÅS
  Al-rahma Islamic center, Kristiansand Sor
  Alam pur Gondlan Welfare, Oslo
  Albansk Islamsk Kultursenter, Oslo
  All Kashmir Women, Oslo
  All Kharian Welfare, Oslo
  Alnor Senter, Tromso
  Anatolsk Kultur- org, Oslo
  Anjuman Flah-ul Muslemin, Moss
  Anjuman Islahul Muslemeen of Rogaland (Makki Masjid), Stavanger
  Anjuman-e-Frogh-e-Islam, Oslo
  Anjuman-E-Islahul Muslimeen of Drammen Norway, Drammen
  Arabiske Kultursenter (AKS), Oslo
  Asker Somaliske Muslimske Samfunn, Asker
  Associacao Caboverdiana, Oslo
  AZADI Ungdomsklubb, Oslo
  Ålesund Jamii Islamsk Senter, Alesund
  Ørsta Islamske Senter, Orsta
  Østfold tyrkisk muslimers trossamfunn, Greaker
  Bazme Tolue Islam, Oslo
  Bærum Tyrkiske Islamske forening, Rykkem
  Bergen Mosque, Bergen
  Bosnisk Moslem folkedansgruppe, Oslo
  Buskerud og Vestfold muslimsk trossamfunnet, Drammen
  Center Rahma, Oslo
  Central Jamaat-e Ahl-e Sunnat, Oslo
  Daru Salaam Islamic Centre, Vika
  Daryel Islamsk Assosiert, Oslo
  Den internasjonale Islamsk kampanjen, Oslo
  DEN ISLAMSKE FORENING, Tonsberg
  Den islamske forening i Fredrikstad, Fredrikstad
  Den Islamske Informasjonsforeningen, Oslo
  Den Kurdiske Kvinneforening, Oslo
  Den Marokkanske Forening i, Oslo
  Den Senegalesiske forening, Oslo
  Den Tyrkisk Islamske Union, Oslo
  Det Arabiske huset, Ski
  Det irakiske kurdiske, Oslo
  Det Iransk - Norske, Oslo
  Det Islamesk Samfunnet Trøndelag, Trondheim
  Det Islamske Felleskap, Oslo
  Det Islamske Forbundet, Oslo
  Det Islamske Forbundet (Rabita), Oslo
  Det Islamske Kultur Senter, Drammen
  Det Islamske Kultursenter, Krokstadelva
  Det kurdiske, Oslo
  Det Mar. Kultursamfunn, Oslo
  Det Marokkanske kultursamfunn, Oslo

Det Muslimske Kultursenteret, Lillehammer
  Det Oromiske Samband, Oslo
  Elverum Islamic Cultural Senter, Elverum
  Flerkulturelt Aktivitetssenter, Oslo
  Flerkulturelt Vennskap, Oslo
  Flora islamic center, Flora
  Florø slamic center, Floro
  Gambian Association, Oslo
  GARIS - Grønland Afrikansk, Oslo
  Gran Kultursenter, Oslo
  HALDEN MOSQUE, Halden
  Hamseda Gruppe, Oslo
  International Muslim Cultural senter, Oslo
  Islamc Cultur center Sandefjord, Sandefjord
  Islamic center, Tromso
  Islamic Centre of Northern Norway, Tromso
  Islamic Cultural Center, Oslo
  Islamic Culture Center Norway, Oslo
  Islamic Culture Society På rett vei, Drammen
  Islamic kulturesenter(Mosque) in Arendal, Arendal
  ISLAMIC PREACHING INSTITUTE, Oslo
  Islamisk Co-operasjon, Steinkjer
  ISLAMISK MOSQUE ALTA, Alta
  Islamisk senter vestfold, Tonsberg
  Islamsk Kultur Union, Oslo
  Islamsk kultursenter, Bodo
  Islamsk Kvinnegruppe Norge, Oslo
  Islamsk Kvinnegruppe Norge(IKN), Oslo
  Islamsk Opplærings Senter, Stavenger
  Islamsk Råd Norge, Oslo
  Islamsk Råd Norge (IRN), Oslo
  Islamsk Ungdomsforbund, Oslo
  Islamske Kultur Senter Union i, Oslo
  Islamske Kultur Sentrum, Oslo
  Islamske Kultur Sentrum i Oslo, Oslo
  Isra Senter, Oslo
  Kongsberg Masjed, Kongsberg
  Kurdish islamic organization - Azadi Mosques, Oslo Fylke
  Kurdiske barne- og, Oslo
  Kurdistan Forente, Oslo
  Kurdistans kultursenter (KKS), Oslo
  Madani Masjid Sandnes, Sandnes
  MADNI MASJID, Oslo
  Mar. trossamfunn Masjid Attaouba, Oslo
  Markaz Tanzeem ul-Muslimeen, Oslo
  Masjid Attaouba - Marrokansk Trossamfunn, Oslo
  Masjid attoubha, Oslo
  Masjid Bilal, Oslo
  MASJID FALLAH, Haugalandet
  MiRA Ressurssenter for, OsloMoske atakwa, Kristianslund
  Moske Norge, Oslo
  Mosque, Oslo
  Mosque, Oslo
  Mosque Urtegt, Oslo
  MUHAMMADI SENTER, Oslo
  Muslim Culture Center, Sarpsborg
  Muslim Society In Trondheim, Trondheim
  Muslimsk center, Stjordalshalsen
  Muslimsk kultursenter, Askim
  Muslimsk Kultursenter Ski, Ski
  Muslimsk senter Norge, Oslo
  Muslimsk troassamfunn Nord-Trøndelag, Stjordal
  Muslimske samfunnet i Nordtrøndelag, Stjordal
  Pakistan Forum, Oslo
  Pakistansk, Oslo
  Pakistansk Norsk Samfunn, Oslo
  Pakistansk Arbeiderforening i, Oslo
  Pakistansk kultursenter, Oslo
  Pakistansk Norsk Samfunn, Oslo
  Pakistansk Ungdomsforening, Oslo
  Puntland Somalisk Velferd, Oslo
  Ressurssenter for pakistanske, Oslo
  Rogaland muslim society norway, Stavanger
  sandefjord islamsk senter, Sandfjord
  Solidaritet - Den internasjonale, Oslo
  Solidaritetsforening for et, Oslo
  Somali Islamic Association, Oslo
  Somali. ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE, Hamar
  Sunndal muslim organisation, Sundal
  Tanzeemul Muslimeen, Oslo
  Tawakal Islamic Mosque, Horten
  Tawfiiq Islamisk Senter, Oslo
  The Islamic Culture Society Buskerud & Vestfold, Drammen
  The Islamic Movement Norge, Oslo
  The Islamic Movement - Norway, Oslo
  Towfiiq Islamic Center, Oslo
  Tsjetsjensk Islamsk Kultursenter Dajmochk, Oslo
  Tyrkisk Islamsk Senter, Oslo
  Tyrkisk Islamsk Ungdomsforening, Oslo
  مسجد الإيمان, Larvik
  مسجد التقوى, Kristiansund Nord
  WAQF NORDMØRE, Kristiansund

1. ISLAMIC CULTURAL CENTRE NORWAY, Oslo
  Akwan Organization Dhoria, Asker
  Alampur Dera Welfare Society, Oslo
  Anjum-e-Araian, Norge, Oslo
  ANJUMAN FALAH UL-MUSLIMEEN, Oslo
  Aserbajdsjan, Sør Aserbajdsjan, Oslo
  Asian Muslim Arts Council, Oslo
  Bangladesh Moslem Association, Oslo
  Bazam-E-Tolu-E-Islam, Oslo
  Child Welfare Society of Bangladesh, Oslo
  Daru Salaam Islamic Centre, Oslo
  Det Islamske Kultursenter i Bergen, Bergen
  International Islamsk Art Society, Oslo
  Irakisk Babylon Moslem klubb, Oslo
  Islam4You, Tonsberg
  Islamabad/Rawalpindi Welfare, Oslo
  Islamic Solidarity Society, Oslo
  Islamic Student Movement, Oslo
  Islamisk senter på orkanger, Orkanger
  Jamaat-E-Ahl-E Sunnat Drammen, Drammen
  Jammu Kashmir Society, Oslo
  Kharian Welfare Society, Oslo
  Kharian Workers Welfare, Oslo
  Muslim Student Society, NTNU, Trondheim
  Muslimsk Speiderklubb, Oslo
  Muslimsk Studentforening, Oslo
  Muslimsk Studnetsamfunn (MSS), Oslo
  Norges Muslimske Ungdoms Forening, Oslo
  Norsk Innvandrerforum, Oslo
  Norsk Pakistansk, Oslo
  Norsk Somalisk Råd, Oslo
  Norwegian Islamic Youth NMU, Oslo
  Oslo Hajj & Umrah Society Norway, Oslo
  Pak Kashmir Cultural Society, Oslo
  Pakistan Norwegian Welfare, Oslo
  Pakistan Velferds Organisasjon, Oslo
  Pukhtoon Federation Norway, Oslo
  Puntland United Society, Oslo
  Sandnessjøen Islamic center, Sandnessjoen
  Somali Inter-Riverine Cultural, Oslo
  Somali kultur og, Oslo
  Somali Kvinneklubb, Oslo
  Somaliland Social Organisation, Oslo
  Somalisk barn- ungdoms, Oslo
  Somalisk barnehjelp, Oslo
  Somalisk Folkehjelp, Drammen
  Somalisk kulturhus, Oslo
  Somalisk kulturhus, Oslo
  Somalisk organisasjon mot, Oslo
  Tyrkisk Hjelpe org, Oslo 

 Tyrkisk Muslim Folke Union, Oslo

  Arabisk klubb, Oslo
  Aserbajdjan-Norway, Oslo
  Iqra Quran School, Oslo
  Islamic Preaching Institute, Oslo
  JAMIA ISLAMIA, Oslo
  Senter for politiske studier i Norge, Oslo
  Urtehagen grunnskole, Oslo

   Muslim Owned Business

  al-Khidmat Begravelsesbyrå, Oslo
  Arabiskskole, Oslo
  Baghdad Kjøtt, Oslo
  Concord travel as, Sandnes
  Express Dataservice, Oslo
  Lille Arafat Butikk, Oslo
  News Cafe, Oslo
  NORDEA CHERIF RENHOLD, Oslo
  Somali Benadiri Community of Norway, Oslo
  TIJARAT HALIMA ORIENTALSK MATVARE BUTIKK, TROMSO

References
Islam in Norway ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Norway   , October, 2008).
Info please ( http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107851.html ,  October, 2008).
Islam Finder  ( http://www.islamicfinder.org/cityPrayerNew.php?country=norway    , October, 2008).
Islam and Muslims in Norway  ( http://www.islamawareness.net/Europe/Norway/  , October, 2008).
Anonymous, Documents from Representatives of Islamic Organizations in Norway, October 2008.