ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN NEW CALEDONIA
Land area : 7,243 sq mi (18,759 sq km); total area: 7,359 sq mi (19,060 sq km)
Population (2007 est.) : 221,943
Capital (2003 est.) : Nouméa, 134,500 (metro. area), 86,400 (city proper)
Monetary unit : Pacific financial community franc
Languages : French (official), 33 Melanesian and Polynesian dialects
Ethnicity/race : Kanak (Melanesian) 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
Religions : Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%
Literacy rate : 91% (1976 est.)
Economic summary : GDP/PPP (2003 est.): $3.158 billion; per capita $15,000 (2002 est.). Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: –0.6% (2000).
New Caledonia (6,466 sq mi; 16,747 sq km), about 1,070 mi (1,722 km) northeast of Sydney, Australia, was explored by Capt. James Cook in 1774 and annexed by France in 1853. The government also administers the Isle of Pines, the Loyalty Islands (Uvéa, Lifu, and Maré), the Belep Islands, the Huon Island group, and Chesterfield Islands. The native people are Melanesians called the Kanak. In 1984, the French national assembly passed a law that granted internal autonomy to New Caledonia. In 1998 the Nouméa Accords postponed discussions about independence for the territory until at least 2013.
Islamic History and Muslims
Islam in New Caledonia arrived more than a 100 years ago. The first Muslims in New Caledonia were the Arabs who were brought there by the French forces took them there during the colonization in the Maghreb. These original Muslims came from Algeria and Morocco, and more Muslims later came to New Caledonia from Indonesia. Muslims are found throughout New Caledonia, especially in Bourail (in the north) and Le Mont-Dore. There are about 25,000 Muslims in New Caledonia in total. An Islamic centre is built in Nouméa, and there are plans to build another one in Bourail.
Islamic Centers and Organizations
Muslim Owned Business