ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Land area : 174,849 sq mi (452,860 sq km); total area: 178,703 sq mi (462,840 sq km)
Population (2007 est.) : 5,795,887
Capital city (2003 est.) : Port Moresby, 324,900
Monetary unit : Kina
Languages : Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1%–2%; 715 indigenous languages
Ethnicity/race : Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Religions : Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Literacy rate : 66% (2003 est.)
Economic summary : GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $16.56 billion; per capita $2,900. Real growth rate: 4%. Inflation: 1.8%.
Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. About one-tenth larger than California, its mountainous interior has only recently been explored. Two major rivers, the Sepik and the Fly, are navigable for shallow-draft vessels.
The first inhabitants of the island New Guinea were Papuan, Melanesian, and Negrito tribes, who altogether spoke more than 700 distinct languages. The eastern half of New Guinea was first explored by Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the 16th century. In 1828, the Dutch formally took possession of the western half of the island (now the province of West Papua [Irian Jaya], Indonesia). In 1885, Germany formally annexed the northern coast and Britain took similar action in the south. In 1906, Britain transferred its rights to British New Guinea to a newly independent Australia, and the name of the territory was changed to the Territory of Papua. Australian troops invaded German New Guinea (called Kaiser-Wilhelmsland) in World War I and gained control of the territory under a League of Nations mandate. New Guinea and some of Papua were invaded by Japanese forces in 1942. After being liberated by the Australians in 1945, it became a United Nations trusteeship, administered by Australia. The territories were combined and called the Territory of Papua and New Guinea (PNG).
Australia granted limited home rule in 1951. Autonomy in internal affairs came nine years later, and in Sept. 1975, Papua New Guinea achieved complete independence from Britain.
Islamic History and Muslims
Islam in Papua New Guinea
is a minority religion; the US department of state estimates that there are
about 2000 Muslims in the country.
The only Islamic organisation in the country founded in April 1981, that won its recognition from the government in November 1982.
The first person to embrace Islam on the soil of Papua New Guinea was Brother Sadiiq Sandbach, then a Scottish national - now a Papua New Guinean, who entered the fold of Islam in October 1982.
The first Papua New Guinean to embrace Islam was Alexander (Bilal) Dawia who declared Shahadah on the 18th of February 1986. The number of people entering Islam since then is growing steadily and the organization now have four branches operating in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea.
Islamic Centers and Organizations
Muslim Owned Business