ISLAM and MUSLIMS IN VANUATU
Total area : 4,710 sq mi (12,200 sq km)
Population (2007 est.) : 211,971
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Port Vila, 35,300
Monetary unit : Vatu
Languages : Bislama 23% (a Melanesian pidgin English), English 2%, French 1% (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages 73%
Ethnicity/race : Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999)
Religions : Presbyterian 31%, Anglican 13%, Roman Catholic 13%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11%, other Christian 14%, indigenous beliefs 6% (including Jon Frum Cargo cult), none 1%
Literacy rate : 74% (1999 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2003 est.): $739 million; per capita $2,900. Real growth rate: 6.8%. Inflation: -1.6%.
Vanuatu is an archipelago of 83 islands lying between New Caledonia and Fiji in the South Pacific. Largest of the islands is Espiritu Santo (875 sq mi; 2,266 sq km); others are Efate, Malekula, Malo, Pentecost, and Tanna.
The first settlers are believed to have arrived approximately 3,500 years ago from New Guinea and the Solomon Islands by canoe. The islands were sighted by Pedro Fernandes de Queiros of Portugal in 1606 and were charted by the British navigator James Cook in 1774, who named the archipelago New Hebrides, after the northern Scottish islands. Competing British and French claims to the islands led to the formation of a condominium government, allowing for joint British-French rule in 1906. The islands' plantation economy, based on imported Vietnamese labor, was prosperous until the 1920s, when markets for its products declined. Diseases brought by missionaries, sandalwood traders, and others helped reduce the population from approximately 1 million in 1800 to 45,000 in 1935. The islands served as a major Allied base in World War II. After the war, the indigenous Melanesians began lobbying for independence, which in 1980 the country achieved. It was then renamed Vanuatu.
Islamic History and Muslims
Islam in Vanuatu is
practiced by about 200 members of the small island nation of Vanuatu in Oceania.
One of the earliest known Muslims in Vanuatu was Hussein Nabanga, who converted
in 1978. Hussein Nabanga was a member of the Mele people and other Mele people
(who originated on the Dinny Island of Imere Tenuku) were the earliest to
follow. Now there are Muslims throughout many other islands in Vanuatu. The
first mosque in Vanuatu was established in 1992. Islam is growing rapidly in the
Islamic Centers and Organizations
Muslim Owned Business